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Football World Cup

From Academic Kids

The Football World Cup (official name: FIFA World Cup) is the most important competition in international football (soccer). Organised by Fdration Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's governing body, the World Cup finals tournament is the most widely-viewed and followed sporting event in the world, more so than even the Olympic Games.

The finals tournament is held every four years, but the World Cup competition itself takes place over a three-year period. Over 160 national teams compete in regional qualifying tournaments for a place in the finals. The finals tournament now involves 32 national teams (increased from 24 in 1998) competing over a 4-week period in a previously nominated host nation. A recent innovation has allowed more than one country to act as joint hosts.

The next football World Cup will be held in Germany in 2006.

Contents

History

The World Cup was not the first international football competition. Amateur football became a part of the official Olympic programme for the first time in 1908 (See: Football at the 1908 Summer Olympics). In Turin in 1909, in what is sometimes described as The First World Cup, Sir Thomas Lipton organised a football tournament to contest the Sir Thomas Lipton Trophy. Italy, Germany and Switzerland sent their most prestigious professional club sides to the competition but The Football Association of England refused to be associated with it and declined the offer to send a team. Not wishing to have Britain unrepresented in the competition, Lipton invited West Auckland FC, an amateur side from the north-east of England and mostly made up of coal miners, to take part. West Auckland won the tournament and returned to Italy in 1911 to defend their title. In the second competition West Auckland beat Juventus 6-1 in the final and were awarded the trophy outright.

In 1927 the 1932 Summer Olympics were awarded to Los Angeles in the United States where the popularity of American football far surpassed that of the international game of association football (by then becoming known as soccer in the US). The general lack of interest from the Americans and a disagreement between FIFA and the IOC over the status of amateur players led to football being dropped from the official Olympic programme for the 1932 games. As a consequence, Jules Rimet, who had become president of FIFA in 1921, set about organising the inaugural World Cup tournament, to take place in Uruguay in 1930. The national associations of selected nations were invited to send a team but the choice of Uruguay as a venue for the competition meant a long and costly trip across the Atlantic for European sides and up until two months before the start of the competition no team from that continent had promised to send a team. Rimet eventually persuaded teams representing Belgium, France, Romania, and Yugoslavia to make the trip. In total, thirteen nations took part - seven from South America, four from Europe and two from North America. Uruguay beat Argentina 4-2 in front of crowd of 93,000 in Montevideo to become the first nation to win the World Cup trophy. In 1946 the World Cup trophy (Coupe du Monde) was renamed the Jules Rimet trophy in his honour.

In 1970, Brazil's third victory in the tournament entitled them to keep the original trophy and a new trophy was then designed. Argentina, Germany (both times as West Germany), and Brazil have all won the second trophy twice. However, the current trophy will not be retired until the name plaque has been entirely filled with the names of winning nations. This will not happen until 2038.

Brazil, by a clear margin, is the most successful World Cup team overall, having won the tournament five times in total and finished as runners-up twice. Brazil is also the only nation to have participated in every edition of the World Cup so far. Germany, three-time winners (as West Germany) and four-time runners-up (three times as West Germany), are next, while Italy have also won three trophies and two-time runners-up. Argentina and Uruguay are both two-time World Champions, although Uruguay's two successes came rather a long time ago, in the early years of the tournament.

The next World Cup finals will be held in Germany, in 2006. As indicated below, the 2010 edition will be held in South Africa. The 2014 finals, which FIFA has earmarked for South America, is expected to be held in Brazil as CONMEBOL has already backed it as their choice. For 2018, Netherlands & Belgium have express interest to host the finals together.

Football World Cup tournaments

Year Host Final Third Place Match
Winner Score Runner-up 3rd Place Score 4th Place
1930
Details
Uruguay
Uruguay
4 - 2
Argentina
n/a(1)
1934
Details
Italy Missing image
Flag_of_Italy.png



Italy
2 - 1
aet

Czechoslovakia

Germany
3 - 2
Austria
1938
Details
France Missing image
Flag_of_Italy.png



Italy
4 - 2
Hungary

Brazil
4 - 2
Sweden
1942 ---- NOT HELD
1946 ---- NOT HELD
1950
Details
Brazil
Uruguay
n/a(2)
Brazil

Sweden
n/a(2)
Spain
1954
Details
Switzerland
West Germany
3 - 2
Hungary

Austria
3 - 1
Uruguay
1958
Details
Sweden
Brazil
5 - 2
Sweden

France
6 - 3
West Germany
1962
Details
Chile
Brazil
3 - 1
Czechoslovakia

Chile
1 - 0 Missing image
Flag_of_SFR_Yugoslavia.png



Yugoslavia
1966
Details
England
England
4 - 2
aet

West Germany
Missing image
Portugal_flag_large.png



Portugal
2 - 1 Missing image
Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union.png



Soviet Union
1970
Details
Mexico
Brazil
4 - 1 Missing image
Flag_of_Italy.png



Italy

West Germany
1 - 0
Uruguay
1974
Details
West Germany
West Germany
2 - 1
Netherlands

Poland
2 - 1
Brazil
1978
Details
Argentina
Argentina
3 - 1
aet

Netherlands

Brazil
2 - 1 Missing image
Flag_of_Italy.png



Italy
1982
Details
Spain Missing image
Flag_of_Italy.png



Italy
3 - 1
West Germany

Poland
3 - 2
France
1986
Details
Mexico
Argentina
3 - 2
West Germany

France
4 - 2
aet

Belgium
1990
Details
Italy
West Germany
1 - 0
Argentina
Missing image
Flag_of_Italy.png



Italy
2 - 1
England
1994
Details
USA
Brazil
0 - 0
aet
Missing image
Flag_of_Italy.png



Italy

Sweden
4 - 0
Bulgaria
3 - 2 on penalty shootout
1998
Details
France
France
3 - 0
Brazil

Croatia
2 - 1
Netherlands
2002
Details
South Korea
& Japan

Brazil
2 - 0
Germany

Turkey
3 - 2
South Korea
2006
Details
Germany
2010
Details
South Africa
2014
Details
South America
1 There was no official World Cup Third Place match in 1930; United States and Yugoslavia lost in the semi-finals.
2 There was no official World Cup final match in 1950. The tournament was decided in a final group contested by four teams. However, Uruguay's 2-1 defeat of Brazil was the decisive match which put them ahead on points and ensured that they finished top of the group as world champions.
Final group standings: 1st: Uruguay; 2nd: Brazil; 3rd: Sweden; 4th: Spain.

World Cup winners ranking

South America holds the most titles at nine, followed by Europe at eight.

  1. Brazil - 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994, 2002 (5 titles)
  2. Germany - 1954, 1974, 1990 (3 titles)
    Missing image
    Flag_of_Italy.png


    Italy - 1934, 1938, 1982 (3 titles)
  3. Argentina - 1978, 1986 (2 titles)
    Uruguay - 1930, 1950 (2 titles)
  4. England - 1966 (1 title)
    France - 1998 (1 title)

World Cup Awards

At the end of each World Cup final tournament, several awards are attributed to the players and teams which have distinguished from the rest, in different aspects of the game.

There are currently five awards:

  • the Golden Boot for top goalscorer;
  • the Golden Ball for best player;
  • the Yashin Award for best goalkeeper;
  • the FIFA Fair Play Award for the team with the best record of fair play;
  • the Most Entertaining Team award.

Golden Boot - Top Goalscorers

The Golden Boot (or Golden Shoe) is awarded to the top goalscorer of the World Cup final tournament. The award was introduced at the 1982 World Cup for the first time.

World Cup Top Goalscorer Goals
1930 Uruguay Guillermo Stbile (Argentina) 8
1934 Italy Edmund Conen (Germany)
Oldřich Nejedl (Czechoslovakia)
Angelo Schiavio (Italy)
4(3)
1938 France Lenidas (Brazil) 8
1950 Brazil Ademir (Brazil) 9
1954 Switzerland Sndor Kocsis (Hungary) 11
1958 Sweden Just Fontaine (France) 13
1962 Chile Garrincha (Brazil)
Vav (Brazil)
Leonel Snchez (Chile)
Dražen Jerković (Yugoslavia)
Valentin Ivanov (Soviet Union)
Flrin Albert (Hungary)
4
1966 England Eusbio (Portugal) 9
1970 Mexico Gerd Mller (West Germany) 10
1974 West Germany Grzegorz Lato (Poland) 7
1978 Argentina Mario Kempes (Argentina) 6
adidas Golden Boot winners
1982 Spain Paolo Rossi (Italy) 6
1986 Mexico Gary Lineker (England) 6
1990 Italy Salvatore Schillaci (Italy) 6
1994 USA Hristo Stoitchkov (Bulgaria)
Oleg Salenko (Russia)
6
1998 France Davor Šuker (Croatia) 6
2002 Korea/Japan Ronaldo (Brazil) 8
3 Some sources credit Nejedl with five goals, which would make him outright top scorer. However, FIFA considers him as having scored four.

Adidas Golden Ball

The Golden Ball is an award attributed to the most outstanding player of the World Cup final tournament. FIFA announces a shortlist of ten nominees which is then voted by media representatives. The most voted player is elected to win the Golden Ball, the second most voted player wins the Silver Ball and the third most voted player wins the Bronze Ball. Its awarding is shrouded by allegations of being influenced by diplomacy: the three awards have always been won by players from three different nations.

World Cup Adidas Golden Ball Adidas Silver Ball Adidas Bronze Ball
1982 Spain Paolo Rossi
(Italy)
Falco
(Brazil)
Karl-Heinz Rummenigge
(Germany)
1986 Mexico Diego Maradona
(Argentina)
Harald Schumacher
(Germany)
Preben Elkjr
(Denmark)
1990 Italy Salvatore Schillaci
(Italy)
Lothar Matthus
(Germany)
Diego Maradona
(Argentina)
1994 USA Romrio
(Brazil)
Roberto Baggio
(Italy)
Hristo Stoitchkov
(Bulgaria)
1998 France Ronaldo
(Brazil)
Davor Šuker
(Croatia)
Lilian Thuram
(France)
2002 Korea/Japan Oliver Kahn
(Germany)
Ronaldo
(Brazil)
Hong Myung-Bo
(South Korea)

Yashin Award

The Yashin Award is attributed to the best goalkeeper of the World Cup final tournament. The award is named in honour of the late and legendary Russian goalkeeper, Lev Yashin.

World Cup Yashin Award winner
1994 USA Michel Preud'homme (Belgium)
1998 France Fabien Barthez (France)
2002 Korea/Japan Oliver Kahn (Germany)

FIFA Fair Play Award

The FIFA Fair Play Award is given to the team with the best record of fair play during the World Cup final tournament. Only teams that qualified for the second round are considered.

World Cup FIFA Fair Play Award winners
1978 Argentina Argentina
1982 Spain Brazil
1986 Mexico Brazil
1990 Italy England
1994 USA Brazil
1998 France England
France
2002 Korea/Japan Belgium

Most Entertaining Team

The Most Entertaining Team award is attributed to the team that has entertained the public the most, during the World Cup final tournament. It is always decided through public participation in a poll.

World Cup Most Entertaining Team
1994 USA Brazil
1998 France France
2002 Korea/Japan South Korea

Overall Top Goalscorers

14 Goals

13 Goals

12 Goals

11 Goals

10 Goals

9 Goals

8 Goals


  • 4 There was controversy regarding how many goals Brazilian Ademir Menezes scored in 1950, because of incomplete data concerning the Final Round game Brazil vs. Spain (6:1). The first goal had been credited as an own goal by Spanish defender Parra, and the 5:0 goal had been credited to Jair. However, recently FIFA credited Ademir with both these goals; thus he's the 1950 World Cup top scorer with 9 goals.

Fastest Goals

Player Country Time World Cup
Hakan Şkr Turkey 11" 2002 Korea/Japan
Vclav Maek Czechoslovakia 15" 1962 Chile
Park Soong-Jin Missing image
North_korea_flag_large.png
North Korea

23" 1966 England
Ernst Lehner Germany 24" 1934 Italy
Bryan Robson England 27" 1982 Spain
Bernard Lacombe France 37" 1978 Argentina

See also

External Links



FIFA (Men's) World Cup

Uruguay 1930 | Italy 1934 | France 1938 | Brazil 1950 | Switzerland 1954 | Sweden 1958 | Chile 1962 | England 1966 | Mexico 1970 | West Germany 1974 | Argentina 1978 | Spain 1982 | Mexico 1986 | Italy 1990 | USA 1994 | France 1998 | Korea/Japan 2002 | Germany 2006 | South Africa 2010 | South America 2014

FIFA Women's World Cup

China 1991 | Sweden 1995 | USA 1999 | USA 2003 | China 2007

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