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Fields Medal

From Academic Kids

The Fields Medal is a prize awarded to up to four mathematicians (not over forty years of age) at each International Congress of International Mathematical Union, since 1936 and regularly since 1948 at the initiative of the Canadian mathematician John Charles Fields. The purpose is to give recognition and support to young mathematical researchers having already made important contributions.

YearLocation Winners
2002Beijing, China Laurent Lafforgue (France), Vladimir Voevodsky (US)
1998Berlin, Germany Richard Ewen Borcherds (GB), William Timothy Gowers (GB), Maxim Kontsevich (Russia), Curtis T. McMullen (US)
1994Zrich, Switzerland Efim Isakovich Zelmanov (Russia), Pierre-Louis Lions (France), Jean Bourgain (Belgium), Jean-Christophe Yoccoz (France)
1990 Kyoto, Japan Vladimir Drinfeld (USSR), Vaughan Frederick Randal Jones (New-Zeland), Shigefumi Mori (Japan), Edward Witten (US)
1986 Berkeley, California, USA Simon Donaldson (GB), Gerd Faltings (West Germany), Michael Freedman (US)
1982 Warsaw, Poland Alain Connes (France) , William Thurston (US), Shing-Tung Yau (US)
1978 Helsinki, Finland Pierre Deligne (Belgium), Charles Fefferman (US), Grigory Margulis (USSR), Daniel Quillen (US)
1974 Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada Enrico Bombieri (Italy), David Mumford (US)
1970 Nice, France Alan Baker (GB), Heisuke Hironaka (Japan), Sergei Petrovich Novikov (USSR), John Griggs Thompson (GB)
1966 Moscow, Russia Michael Francis Atiyah (GB), Paul Joseph Cohen (US), Alexander Grothendieck (France), Stephen Smale (US)
1962 Stockholm, Sweden Lars Hrmander (Sweden), John Milnor (US)
1958 Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom Klaus Roth (GB), Rene Thom (France)
1954 Amsterdam, Netherlands Kunihiko Kodaira (Japan), Jean-Pierre Serre (France)
1950 Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA Laurent Schwartz (France), Atle Selberg (Norway)
1936 Oslo, Norway Lars Ahlfors (Finland), Jesse Douglas (US)

The Fields Medal is often described as the "Nobel Prize of mathematics". The comparison is not very accurate, in particular because the age limit is applied strictly. Fields Medals are awarded for a body of work, rather than for a particular result, though there is clearly consensus that some individual theorems can and should be recognised in this way. (That is not to say that some awards from the past have not been in some ways contentious or controversial—they have.) Since the institution of the Wolf Prizes, there has been a high-profile "lifetime achievement" award in mathematics; this has to some extent redressed perceived imbalances in the weight given to different kinds of merit and the movements of intellectual fashion across mathematics as a whole.

The medal is mentioned a number of times in the award winning movie Good Will Hunting staring Matt Damon and Ben Affleck.

See also

External link

es:Medalla Fields eo:Medalo Fields fr:Mdaille Fields it:Medaglia Fields he:מדליית פילדס nl:Fields-medaille ja:フィールズ賞 pl:Medal Fieldsa ro:Medalia Fields sl:Fieldsova medalja sv:Fieldsmedaljen zh:费尔兹奖

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