Fidel V. Ramos

From Academic Kids

Template:Infobox Philippine president

Fidel Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928), military hero of the 1986 People Power Revolution that toppled the authoritarian regime of Ferdinand Marcos, became the 12th President of the Republic of the Philippines on June 30, 1992. He succeeded Corazon Aquino and governed until 1998, when he was succeeded by Joseph Estrada.

His six-year term as president was widely recognized in building economic and political growth and stability in the country despite facing communist insurgencies, an Islamic separatist movement in Mindanao and the onslaught of the 1997 Asian financial crisis.


Born in 1928 in Lingayen, Pangasinan, the son of a United Nations ambassador and a cousin to Ferdinand Marcos, Ramos pursued a career in the military and in engineering. His long association with the United States started when he graduated from West Point Military Academy in 1950, culminating with a graduate degree in civil engineering at the University of Illinois the following year. He received his Master of Business Administration degree from the Ateneo de Manila University in 1980. He fought alongside U.S. forces in the Korean War and later commanded a Filipino contingency in the Vietnam War.

He served the Marcos regime for more than 20 years -- in the military, as head of the Philippine Constabulary, the country's national police force, and as a trusted advisor. Seeing that the Marcos regime was about to collapse, Ramos sided with Aquino when the People Power Revolution erupted in 1986. The military followed his lead and swung the pendulum in her favor.

After Aquino assumed the presidency, she appointed Ramos Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces, and later Secretary of Defense, foiling seven coup attempts against the Aquino administration.

In December 1991, Ramos declared his candidacy for president. He won the election on May 11, 1992, narrowly defeating Senator Miriam Defensor-Santiago.

One of the great contributions of President Ramos was his being instrumental in the signing of the final peace agreement between the government of the Republic of the Philippines and the Moro National Liberation Front in 1996.

During his administration, Ramos began implementing economic reforms intended to open up the once-closed national economy, encourage private enterprise, invite more foreign and domestic investment, and reduce corruption. However, he was accused of corruption in the PEA-AMARI and the Philippine Centennial Exposition scandals by allegedly pocketing millions in the conduct of the exposition. The PEA -AMARI scam tangled the goverment for years with unexplained disapperance of 6B pesos worth of funds which led to a World Bank inquiry and a forced increase on VAT (E-VAT law) from 4% to 10% mandated by WB prior to an expenditure loan granted for the project. This drew Ramos widespread criticisms and allegations of corruption and selling out to the World Bank.

Towards the end of his term, Ramos talked of amending the Constitution to allow for a second term (A Filipino can only serve one six-year term as President). Widespread public protests forced him to drop the demand, and he left office after the end of his term in 1998. After his presidency, Ramos remained one of the most influential political leaders in the Philippines.

Ramos became the country's fourth president of Ilocano descent (Quirino, Magsaysay and Marcos being the others) and the first Protestant. He is married to Amelita Ramos, with whom he has five children. Ramos has received several military awards including the U.S. Military Academy Distinguished Award, the U.S. Legion of Merit and the French Legion of Honor. He was also the first Asian recipient of the UNESCO Peace Award and was a recipient of various awards and honorary doctorates. In 1997, he was given an honorary doctorate by the Ateneo de Manila University.

External link

Preceded by:
Corazn Aquino
President of the Philippines
Succeeded by:
Joseph Estrada

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Template:Philippine presidentstl:Fidel V. Ramos zh:拉莫斯 fi:Fidel V. Ramos es: Fidel V. Ramos


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