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Ferdinand de Saussure

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Saussure

Ferdinand de Saussure (November 26,1857 - February 22, 1913) was a Swiss linguist.

Born in Geneva, he laid the foundation for many developments in linguistics in the 20th century. He perceived linguistics as a branch of a general science of signs he proposed to call semiology (now generally known as semiotics).

His work Cours de linguistique gnrale (Course in General Linguistics) was published posthumously in 1916 by Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye based on lecture notes. This became a seminal linguistics work in the 20th century. Its central notion is that language can be analyzed as a formal system of organized difference, apart from the messy dialectics of realtime production and comprehension. Additionally, at a very young age he published a very important work in Indo-European philology which put forward what is now known as the laryngeal theory.

"A sign is the basic unit of langue (a given language at a given time). Every langue is a complete system of signs. Parole (the speech of an individual) is an external manifestation of langue."

See also

bg:Фердинанд дьо Сосюр ca:Ferdinand de Saussure de:Ferdinand de Saussure es:Ferdinand de Saussure eo:Ferdinand de SAUSSURE fa:فردیناند سوسور fr:Ferdinand de Saussure ko:페르디낭 드 소쉬르 it:Ferdinand de Saussure nl:Ferdinand de Saussure ja:フェルディナン・ド・ソシュール pl:Ferdinand de Saussure pt:Ferdinand de Saussure sk:Ferdinand de Saussure fi:Ferdinand de Saussure sv:Ferdinand de Saussure zh:弗迪南.德.索緒爾

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