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FIDE World Chess Championship, 2004

From Academic Kids

The FIDE World Chess Championship, 2004 was held at the Almahary Hotel in Tripoli, Libya, from June 18 to July 13.

It was won by Rustam Kasimdzhanov, who beat Michael Adams in the final by a score of 4.5-3.5. He takes prize money of around US$100,000 (US$80,000 after organiser FIDE has taken its cut) and the right to a match against world number one Garry Kasparov in a step towards the reunification of the World Chess Championship.

Contents

Reunification of the title

Ever since 1993, when Garry Kasparov and Nigel Short broke away from chess governing body FIDE to play their world championship match under the auspices of the newly-formed Professional Chess Association, there have been two chess world championships: one organised by FIDE (which latterly have been in a knock-out format) and one by a variety of other bodies (in the form of a long match between champion and challenger). Various attempts have been made to reunify the title; the 2004 FIDE Championship is a part of the latest plan, the so-called Prague Agreement.

The plan under this agreement when it was drawn up in 2002 was that reigning FIDE world champion Ruslan Ponomariov and world number one on the FIDE Elo rating list Garry Kasparov would play a match, and that the so-called "classical" world champion Vladimir Kramnik and winner of the 2002 Dortmund tournament (which turned out to be Péter Lékó) would play each other. The winners of these two matches would then play one another to produce a unified champion.

The match between Ponomariov and Kasparov, however, fell through after FIDE refused to alter various things in the contract on Ponomariov's request, and he refused to sign. FIDE accounced that instead the winner of the next FIDE knock-out championship would play against Kasparov in a match to be held not later than July 2005 (Kramnik and Lékó were to play their match in September-October 2004). Therefore, as well as the championship determining who was to be the next FIDE world champion, it would also determine who would play Kasparov in what was effectively a semifinal match for the unified championship.

Controversies

The event has attracted a good deal of controversy in a number of areas.

Format

One source of criticism, in common with when it has been used for previous FIDE championships, has been the event's format. In particular, the relatively quick time controls have been controversial. (90 minutes for the first 40 moves, followed by 15 minutes till the end of the game and an incremental time of 30 seconds per move from move one.) Zhang Zhong, for example, was quoted as saying "the time limit is too fast for such a world championship. We should call it a World Cup … a world championship needs more classic time controls" [1] (http://wcclibya2004.com/main.asp?id=484) and Nigel Short claimed that "If you took the top 100 players and survey their opinion you would probably find around 75% are against this time control" [2] (http://wcclibya2004.com/main.asp?id=474).

Location

Perhaps the greatest criticism has concerned the choice of Libya as venue. Claims of human rights abuses, and state sponsored terrorism have caused some consternation, but on a more practical level the country's history of not allowing entry to citizens of Israel has been of some concern, as three Israeli players (Boris Gelfand, Emil Sutovsky and Ilya Smirin) had either qualified for the championships or were high on the list of reserves (in the event of qualifiers chosing not to play). Additionally, a number of players have joint Israeli and American citizenship, and so were also expected to be disallowed entry.

With this in mind, FIDE originally announced that a parallel event in Malta would be held alongside the one in Tripoli to ensure that Israeli players could take part--Sutovsky sent his entry form back on the condition he would play in Malta [3] (http://www.chessbase.com/newsdetail.asp?newsid=1640). This parallel event was cancelled, however, following a press release from the Libyan authorities that "The Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya will pleasantly provide entry visas to all the qualified participants of this great Championship", which was taken by most (including FIDE) to mean that all players, including Israelis, would be welcome to take part. This appeared to be contradicated by a statement from Mohammed Qadhafi, chairman of the Libyan Olympic Committee (FIDE is affiliated with the IOC) and son of Libyan leader Moammar Al Qadhafi, that "We [the Libyans] did not and will not invite the Zionist enemy to this championship." [4] (http://www.maltatoday.com.mt/2004/05/09/t10.html)

Several prominent figures have criticized FIDE over this matter, with both Grandmaster Boris Gulko, a Jew with joint American and Israeli citizenship, and Beatriz Marinello, president of the United States Chess Federation writing open letters to FIDE criticizing their handling of the issue [5] (http://www.chessbase.com/newsdetail.asp?newsid=1640).

On May 13, the Anti-Defamation League wrote to FIDE, saying it was "troubling" that Libya should be hosting the championships, and urging FIDE to ensure that Israeli players were treated equally. The letter raises concerns over the Libyans not allowing the coaches and families of Israeli players into the country [6] (http://www.chessbase.com/newsdetail.asp?newsid=1662#adl). Similar concerns were expressed in an Association of Chess Professionals (ACP) open letter of May 26 [7] (http://www.chessbase.com/newsdetail.asp?newsid=1672) (the ACP have also criticized several other aspects of the tournament's organization).

FIDE has maintained throughout that Israeli players would have been issued with visas upon their arrival in Libya. This assurance was never put to the test, however: none of the qualified players took part in the championship and Boris Gulko, who has joint American and Israeli citizenship, withdrew from the event after initially indicating he would play (fellow Americans Alexander Shabalov and Alexander Onischuk also withdrew in sympathy with the concerns of Gulko and others [8] (http://www.chessbase.com/newsdetail.asp?newsid=1684)). The only player in the final list of participants with an Israeli passport--Vadim Milov, representing Switzerland--never travelled to Libya: he complained that his official invitation to the event had arrived so late (on the day of the opening ceremony, one day before the first game) that it was physically impossible for him to get to Libya with it in time. Milov claims that this constituted a deliberate attempt by FIDE to exclude him [9] (http://www.chess-players.org/eng/news/viewarticle.html?id=169). In response, FIDE said that the delay in sending Milov's invitation was due to Milov not sending them his passport details until a deadline had passed, and that even with this delay, Milov could still have arrived in Tripoli in time for his first game, which they had offered to postpone if necessary [10] (http://www.chess-players.org/eng/news/viewarticle.html?id=173). Milov took his case to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (Tribunal Arbitral de Sport) in Lausanne [11] (http://www.chess-players.org/eng/news/viewarticle.html?id=224) which found that FIDE "undertook extraordinary efforts to make sure that Claimant [Milov] could participate in the WCC 2004 although such efforts could and should have been made earlier" and ultimately cleared FIDE of any ill-intentioned effort to exclude Milov, concluding "there is no ground for Claimant to claim damages from Respondent."[12] (http://www.fide.com/news.asp?id=694).

It was also reported (on June 17) that the Israeli chess federation was considering suing FIDE "for compensation for the damages incurred by our exclusion from this tournament" [13] (http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?pagename=JPost/JPArticle/ShowFull&cid=1087441299426&p=1006688055060).

Strength

As a result of these and other factors, many of the players who were invited to take part in the tournament - including world number two Viswanathan Anand, and number six Peter Svidler - declined. In combination with Kasparov, Kramnik and Lékó not taking part owing to them being involved at a later stage of the reunification process, this led to a somewhat weaker lineup than previous championships, with only three of the world's top ten accepting the invitation to play, and only two of those actually turning up to the event. This weakness has itself been a cause of controversy, with claims that any tournament with so many top players missing should not be considered a World Championship at all.

List of participants

On May 28, FIDE published a list of participants in the championship which was billed as "final". However, changes were made following the withdrawal of Gulko, Shabalov and Onischuk. A later "final" list included players of a range of skills from Veselin Topalov (rated 2737 and number five in the world on the FIDE Elo rating list) down to Tarik Abulhul (rated just 2076). It included only three of the world's top ten.

The following are the 128 players included in this list in order of seeding (from highest ranked to lowest), with the country they represent and their FIDE Elo rating on the April 2004 list:

  1. Veselin Topalov, Bulgaria, 2737
  2. Alexander Morozevich, Russia, 2732
  3. Michael Adams, England, 2731
  4. Alexander Grischuk, Russia, 2719
  5. Vasily Ivanchuk, Ukraine, 2716
  6. Nigel Short, England, 2712
  7. Vladimir Malakhov, Russia, 2695
  8. Liviu-Dieter Nisipeanu, Romania, 2692
  9. Ivan Sokolov, Netherlands, 2690
  10. Alexey Dreev, Russia, 2689
  11. Vladimir Akopian, Armenia, 2689
  12. Ye Jiangchuan, China, 2681
  13. Vadim Milov, Switzerland, 2680
  14. Zurab Azmaiparashvili, Georgia, 2679
  15. Etienne Bacrot, France, 2675
  16. Mikhail Gurevich, Belgium, 2672
  17. Sergei Rublevsky, Russia, 2671
  18. Teimour Radjabov, Azerbaijan, 2670
  19. Aleksej Aleksandrov, Belarus, 2668
  20. Alexander Beliavsky, Slovenia, 2667
  21. Francisco Vallejo Pons, Spain, 2666
  22. Viktor Bologan, Moldova, 2665
  23. Konstantin Sakaev, Russia, 2665
  24. Krishnan Sasikiran, India, 2659
  25. Shakhriyar Mamedyarov, Azerbaijan, 2657
  26. Alexander Graf, Germany, 2656
  27. Vadim Zvjaginsev, Russia, 2654
  28. Rustam Kasimdzhanov, Uzbekistan, 2652
  29. Loek van Wely, Netherlands, 2651
  30. Alexander Motylev, Russia, 2649
  31. Giovanni Vescovi, Brazil, 2648
  32. Predrag Nikolic, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2648
  33. Sergei Movsesian, Slokavia, 2647
  34. Levon Aronian, Armenia, 2645
  35. Johan Hjartarson, Iceland, 2640
  36. Valerij Filippov, Russia, 2639
  37. Rafael Vaganian, Armenia, 2639
  38. Kiril Georgiev, FYR Macedonia, 2637
  39. Vladislav Tkachiev, France, 2635
  40. Smbat Lputian, Armenia, 2634
  41. Zhang Zhong, China, 2633
  42. Bartlomiej Macieja, Poland, 2633
  43. Alexander Moiseenko, Ukraine, 2631
  44. Zoltan Almasi, Hungary, 2631
  45. Mikhail Kobalia, Russia, 2630
  46. Sergey Volkov, Russia, 2629
  47. Peter Heine Nielsen, Denmark, 2628
  48. Viorel Iordachescu, Moldova, 2627
  49. Zdenko Kozul, Croatia, 2627
  50. Darmen Sadvakasov, Kazakhstan, 2626
  51. Alexander Lastin, Russia, 2622
  52. Bu Xiangzhi, China, 2621
  53. Evgeny Vladimirov, Kazakhstan, 2621
  54. Evgeny Alekseev, Russia, 2616
  55. Baadur Jobava, Georgia, 2616
  56. Rustem Dautov, Germany, 2616
  57. Gabriel Sargissian, Armenia, 2614
  58. Lenier Dominguez, Cuba, 2612
  59. Michal Krasenkow, Poland, 2609
  60. Jun Xu, China, 2608
  61. Vasilios Kotronias, Cyprus, 2607
  62. Karen Asrian, Armenia, 2605
  63. Lazaro Bruzon, Cuba, 2602
  64. Aleksander Delchev, Bulgaria, 2602
  65. Alexander Galkin, Russia, 2602
  66. Pavel Smirnov, Russia, 2601
  67. Evgenij Agrest, Sweden, 2601
  68. Giorgi Kacheishvili, Georgia, 2600
  69. Pentala Harikrishna, India, 2599
  70. Gilberto Milos, Brazil, 2599
  71. Ernesto Inarkiev, Russia, 2595
  72. Sergei Tiviakov, Netherlands, 2593
  73. Andrei Kharlov, Russia, 2593
  74. Ruben Felgaer, Argentina, 2592
  75. Utut Adianto, Indonesia, 2591
  76. Hua Ni, China, 2587
  77. Ashot Anastasian, Armenia, 2587
  78. Robert Kempinski, Poland, 2586
  79. Pavel Kotsur, Kazakhstan, 2586
  80. Thien Hai Dao, Vietnam, 2583
  81. Ivan Morovic Fernandez, Chile, 2583
  82. Surya Ganguly, India, 2582
  83. Hikaru Nakamura, USA, 2580
  84. Sergey Karjakin, Ukraine, 2580
  85. Mohamad Al-Modiahki, Qatar, 2579
  86. Sergey Dolmatov, Russia, 2573
  87. Sarunas Sulskis, Lithuania, 2570
  88. Rafael Leitao, Brazil, 2564
  89. Merab Gagunashvili, Georgia, 2562
  90. Yuri Shulman, USA, 2559
  91. Aleksander Wojtkiewicz, USA, 2559
  92. Ehsan Ghaem Maghami, Iran, 2558
  93. Daniel Campora, Argentina, 2557
  94. Sergey Kudrin, USA, 2557
  95. Magnus Carlsen, Norway, 2552
  96. Konstantin Landa, Russia, 2550
  97. Peter Acs, Hungary, 2548
  98. Gadir Guseinov, Azerbaijan, 2548
  99. Hichem Hamdouchi, Morocco, 2544
  100. Alexander Ivanov, USA, 2544
  101. Alejandro Ramirez, Costa Rica, 2542
  102. Darcy Lima, Brazil, 2542
  103. Dibyendu Barua, India, 2539
  104. Valeriy Neverov, Ukraine, 2537
  105. Leonid Kritz, Germany, 2534
  106. Dimitrios Mastrovasilis, Greece, 2533
  107. Mark Paragua, Philippines, 2529
  108. Rodrigo Vasquez, Chile, 2523
  109. Alexi Barsov, Uzbekistan, 2507
  110. Essam El Gindy, Egypt, 2507
  111. Mateusz Bartel, Poland, 2501
  112. Ahmed Adly, Egypt, 2490
  113. Darryl Johansen, Australia, 2489
  114. Pascal Charbonneau, Canada, 2484
  115. Morteza Mahjoob, Iran, 2478
  116. Das Neelotpal, India, 2457
  117. Carlos Garcia Palermo, Argentina, 2444
  118. Jose Gonzalez Garcia, Mexico, 2443
  119. Mohamed Tissir, Morocco, 2442
  120. Amon Simutowe, Zambia, 2442
  121. Ronald Dableo, Philippines, 2426
  122. Kivanc Haznedaroglu, Turkey, 2395
  123. Hameed Mansour Ali Kadhi, Yemen, 2379
  124. Adlane Arab, Algeria, 2374
  125. Kenneth Solomon, South Africa, 2352
  126. Hussien Asabri, Libya, 2277
  127. Abobker Elarbi, Libya, 2257
  128. Tarik Abulhul, Libya, 2076

It should be noted that four of these players--Morozevich, Milov, Shulman and Hjartarson--did not appear for their first round matches and were defaulted.

The games

The tournament is in the knock-out format which has become standard for FIDE championships in recent years. Early rounds each consist of two-game mini-matches; round six (the semi-finals) consists of four-game matches, and the final consists of a six game match. These games are all played at the time control of 1 hour 30 minutes, plus an extra 15 minutes at move forty, and an increment of 30 seconds per move from move one.

If the score at the end of the matches is tied, tie-break games will be played. First, two games will be played at a time control of 25 minutes for the whole game plus 10 seconds increment per move. If the score is still tied after these, then two games will be played at the time control of 5 minutes with a 10 second increment per move. If the score is still tied after these, then a single game will be played where White has 6 minutes and Black has 5, with no increment: White must win the game to progress to the next round; a win for Black or a draw will see Black progress.

All standard time control games begin at 2:30pm local time. Tie breaks begin at 8:30pm on the day of the last standard game, apart from tie-breaks for the semifinals which will be 2:30pm the day after the last standard game, and the final which will be at 12:30pm the day after the last standard game.

The Chief Arbiter for the tournament is to be Panagiotis Nikolopoulos.

Round 1

The games of round one were played on June 19 and June 20, with tie-breaks on the evening of June 20. The pairings were as follows:

  • Topalov beat Abulhul 2-0
  • Delchev beat Galkin 1.5-0.5
  • Acs beat Nikolic 2.5-1.5
  • Movsesian beat Landa 2.5-1.5
  • Gurevich beat Johansen 1.5-0.5
  • Kozul beat Dao 2-0
  • Rublevsky beat Adly 3-1
  • Iodrachescu beat Morovic Fernandez 1.5-0.5
  • Nisipeanu beat Dableo 1.5-0.5
  • Tiviakov beat Sargissian 4-3
  • Mamedyarov beat Neverov 3-1
  • Lputian beat Gagunashvili 2-0
  • Sokolov beat Simutowe 2-0
  • Kharlov beat Dautov 2.5-1.5
  • Kritz beat Sasikiran 2-0
  • Leitao beat Zhang 1.5-0.5
  • Grischuk beat Solomon 1.5-0.5
  • Kotronias beat Kacheishvili 2.5-1.5
  • Van Wely beat Ivanov 3-1
  • Filippov beat Campora 1.5-0.5
  • Neelotpal beat Milov by default
  • Anastasian beat Bu 1.5-0.5
  • Beliavsky beat Barsov 2.5-1.5
  • Kobalia beat Karjakin 1.5-0.5
  • Ivanchuk beat Arab 2-0
  • Harikrishna beat Xu 2.5-1.5
  • Kasimdzhanov beat Ramirez 2.5-1.5
  • Ghaem Maghami beat Vaganian 2-0
  • Ye beat Garcia Palermo 2.5-1.5
  • Ni beat Vladimirov 4-3
  • Vallejo Pons beat Vasquez 3.5-2.5
  • Almasi beat Al-Modiahki 2-0
  • Elarbi beat Morozevich by default
  • Smirnov beat Bruzon 2.5-1.5
  • Guseinov beat Vescovi 2.5-1.5
  • Aronian beat Carlsen 2.5-1.5
  • Bacrot beat Charbonneau 2-0
  • Sadvakasov beat Kotsur 2-0
  • Radjabov beat Bartel 2-0
  • Nielsen beat Ganguly 2-0
  • Malakhov beat Haznedaroglu 1.5-0.5
  • Dominguez beat Inarkiev 2.5-1.5
  • Graf beat Barua 2-0
  • Tkachiev beat Shulman by default
  • Dreev beat Tissir 2-0
  • Felgaer beat Jobava 4-3
  • Sakaev beat Mastrovasilis 1.5-0.5
  • Sulskis beat Macieja 1.5-0.5
  • Adams beat Asabri 2-0
  • Asrian beat Agrest 2.5-1.5
  • Hamdouchi beat Motylev 1.5-0.5
  • Kudrin beat Hjartarson by default
  • Azmaiparashvili beat Mahjoob 3-1
  • Lastin beat Kempinski 1.5-0.5
  • Aleksandrov beat El Gindy 1.5-0.5
  • Nakamura beat Volkov 3-1
  • Short beat Kadhi 2-0
  • Krasenkow beat Milos 1.5-0.5
  • Zvjaginsev beat Lima 2-0
  • Wojtkiewicz beat Georgiev 1.5-0.5
  • Akopian beat Gonzalez 1.5-0.5
  • Adianto beat Alekseev 1.5-0.5
  • Bologan beat Paragua 3-1
  • Moiseenko beat Dolmatov 1.5-0.5

Four of the sixty-four scheduled round one matches games did not take place at all: Morozevich, Milov, Shulman and Hjartarson all failed to appear for their first game: their opponents (Elarbi, Neelotpal, Tkachiev and Kudrin respectively) progressed into round two by default. Top seed Topalov had problems with his flight into Libya, and the start of his first game was postponed to 5pm.

The seeding system in operation, whereby the top seed plays the bottom seed, the number two seed plays number 127, number 3 plays number 126 and so on, meant that serious round one upsets were unlikely, and indeed there were few surprises. Several of the top players, among them Ye (seeded 12), Azmaiparashvili (seeded 14) and Rublevsky (seeded 17) required the first pair of tie-break games to advance, and Vallejo-Pons (seeded 21) only went through after the two five-minute games, but in the end, all progressed as expected. The biggest first-round upset in terms of rating difference was Kritz (rated 2534 and seeded 105) knocking out Sasikiran (rated 2659 and seeded 24) by winning both the standard games. Apart from the defaults, he and Hamdouchi (who beat Motylev) were the only players to overcome a rating difference of more than 100 points to advance to round two.

Round 2

The games of round two were played on June 21 and June 22, with tie-breaks on the evening of June 22.

  • Topalov beat Delchev 2-0
  • Movsesian beat Acs 4-2
  • Kozul beat Gurevich 1.5-0.5
  • Rublevsky beat Iodrachescu 3.5-2.5
  • Nisipeanu beat Tiviakov 1.5-0.5
  • Mamedyarov beat Lputian 4-3
  • Kharlov beat Sokolov 1.5-0.5
  • Leitao beat Kritz 1.5-0.5
  • Grischuk beat Kotronias 2-0
  • Filippov beat Van Wely 4-2
  • Anastasian beat Neelotpal 2.5-1.5
  • Beliavsky beat Kobalia 2.5-1.5
  • Ivanchuk beat Harikrishna 3-1
  • Kasimdzhanov beat Ghaem Maghami 1.5-0.5
  • Ye beat Ni 4-3
  • Almasi beat Vallejo Pons 2.5-1.5
  • Smirnov beat Elarbi 2-0
  • Aronian beat Guseinov 2-0
  • Bacrot beat Sadvakasov 1.5-0.5
  • Radjabov beat Nielsen 4-3
  • Dominguez beat Malakhov 4-3
  • Tkachiev beat Graf 1.5-0.5
  • Dreev beat Felgaer 2-0
  • Sakaev beat Sulskis 2-0
  • Adams beat Asrian 1.5-0.5
  • Hamdouchi beat Kudrin 4-3
  • Lastin beat Azmaiparashvili 2.5-1.5
  • Nakamura beat Aleksandrov 1.5-0.5
  • Krasenkow beat Short 1.5-0.5
  • Zvjaginsev beat Wojtkiewicz 2.5-1.5
  • Akopian beat Adianto 1.5-0.5
  • Moiseenko beat Bologan 2.5-1.5

Round two saw one major upset, and a number of smaller ones. The big surprise was number six seed Nigel Short being knocked out by Michal Krasenkow. In game one, Short (who had white) had the advantage of rook for knight and pawn, and was trying to squeeze a win out of it when, after around five hours of play, the position to the right arose. Short played the horrific 121.Re6?? Nxe6 (see algebraic notation), and resigned a move later. He obtained a slight advantage in game two, but it wasn't enough to win, and the draw knocked him out of the competition.

Other upsets included Sokolov losing out to Kharlov, Malakhov being knocked out by Dominguez in the last tie-breaker and Azmaiparashvili losing to Lastin. Most of the top players had little difficulty, however: Topalov, Adams, Grischuk, Nisipeanu, Dreev and Akopian all progressed after the first two games. Ivanchuk required tie-breakers, but also proceeded to round three as expected.

Round 3

The games of round three were played on June 23 and June 24, with tie-breaks on the evening of June 24.

  • Topalov beat Movsesian 1.5-0.5
  • Kozul beat Rublevsky 2-0
  • Nisipeanu beat Mamedyarov 2.5-1.5
  • Kharlov beat Leitao 1.5-0.5
  • Grischuk beat Filippov 4-2
  • Beliavsky beat Anastasian 1.5-0.5
  • Kasimdzhanov beat Ivanchuk 2.5-1.5
  • Almasi beat Ye 1.5-0.5
  • Smirnov beat Aronian 4-3
  • Radjabov beat Bacrot 2.5-1.5
  • Dominguez beat Tkachiev 2-0
  • Dreev beat Sakaev 4-3
  • Adams beat Hamdouchi 1.5-0.5
  • Nakamura beat Lastin 1.5-0.5
  • Krasenkow beat Zvjaginsev 1.5-0.5
  • Akopian beat Moiseenko 1.5-0.5
Missing image
Ivanchuk-Kasimdzhanov_21Rc1.png


The surprise of round three was Ivanchuk, seeded five, being knocked out by Kasimdzhanov. The two standard time control games had been fairly quiet affairs and were both drawn (the second, with Kasimdzhanov white, after just 16 moves) and the first rapid game was also drawn. In the second, Ivanchuk, despite having white, did little to press for a win, and the fairly level position shown arose. 21.Bxb7 Qxb7 appears to be equal, but Ivanchuk instead played 21.Rc1?, which simply lost a pawn to 21...Qxa3. Ivanchuk resigned six moves later, in a position which was certainly worse but from which many players would have continued to play. Ivanchuk has something of a reputation for being let down by his nerves, and this may have been another instance of that.

Elsewhere, there were minor surprises when Krasenkow followed up on his victory over Short to eliminate Zvjaginsev, 16-year old Nakamura (the youngest player remaining in the tournament) dispatched with Lastin, and Grischuk required the blitz tie-breakers to see off Filippov. Kozul's win over Rublevsky took his score for the event to 5.5/6 with an Elo performance rating of over 3000. Top seeds Topalov and Adams advanced with little difficulty, winning their games with white and drawing with black.

Round 4

After a rest day on June 25, the games of round four were played on June 26 and June 27, with tie-breaks on the evening of June 27.

  • Topalov beat Kozul 2-0
  • Kharlov beat Nisipeanu 4-3
  • Grischuk beat Beliavsky 3.5-2.5
  • Kasimdzhanov beat Almasi 2-0
  • Radjabov beat Smirnov 3.5-2.5
  • Dominguez beat Dreev 2.5-1.5
  • Adams beat Nakamura 1.5-0.5
  • Akopian beat Krasenkow 1.5-0.5

Round 5

The games of round five were played on June 28 and June 29, with tie-breaks on the evening of June 29.

  • Topalov beat Kharlov 2-0
  • Kasimdzhanov beat Grischuk 3-1
  • Radjabov beat Dominguez 3.5-3.5 (Radjabov advances by virtue of having black in the final tie-breaker)
  • Adams beat Akopian 1.5-0.5

In game one of round five, every game ended in a win for white. Top seeds Topalov (who had won every game apart from one draw going into this round) and Adams won as expected, but the other two wins were slight upsets.

Radjabov lost to Dominguez after a complicated opening after which white emerged with three connected passed pawns for a bishop, and number four seed Grischuk lost to Kasimdzhanov in an Exchange Ruy Lopez. In the position shown to the right, which appears to be better for Black, Grischuk slipped up with 46...Bc2? allowing 47.Ne6+. This forks the king and bishop on c5, so 47...Rxe6 is forced, but this deflects the rook from defence of d7, allowing 48.R3d7+ Kb6 49.Rb8+, a skewer which picks up the rook on b2. Grischuk fought on the exchange down before resigning on move 73.

Round 6

After a rest day on June 30, the games of round six were played on July 1, 2, 3 and 4, with tie-breaks on July 5.

  • Kasimdzhanov beat Topalov 4-2
  • Adams beat Radjabov 2.5-1.5

The first game of Kasimdzhanov-Topalov was a Queen's Gambit which was drawn after just fifteen moves in a position that has occurred in Grandmaster play several times before. Kasimdzhanov did not press for a win despite having the advantage of the white pieces; he followed a similar strategy in his match against Ivanchuk, possibly in the belief that if he could draw the standard time control games he would have better chances in rapid and blitz.

Missing image
Radjabov-Adams_9Nb6.png


Radjabov-Adams was more eventful. Radjabov went for the Catalan Opening, and Adams introduced a new idea in the position shown with 9...Nb6 10. Qe2 Na5 to hold onto his extra c-pawn (in the past, 9...Nxc3 10.bxc3 b5 had been played). Radjabov was unable to do much with any compensation he may have had, and eventually Adams was left a clean pawn up. He successfully converted this into a win to go 1-0 up.

In game two, Adams played the Rossolimo to Radjabov's Sicilian Defence (1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5). Neither player obtained a significant advantage, and a draw was agreed after White's 17th move. Topalov-Kasimdzhanov looked for a while like it would be more interesting: Kasimdzhanov played the Kan Sicilian (1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 a6), and Topalov opted for a Maroczy bind-type structure with 5.c4. In response, Kasimdzhanov set up a hedgehog (with pawns on a6, b6, d6 and e6) and pushed his h-pawn to h3 to soften up Topalov's king side. In an unclear position, moves were repeated, and a draw was agreed after move 25.

Game three of Kasimdzhanov-Topalov was harder-fought. From a Sicilian Defence, Topalov gained control of the open c-file and invaded the White position, while Kasimdzhanov obtained some king-side pressure. Topalov's position appeared preferable, but he was unable to turn his advantage into anything solid, and, with both players becoming short of time, Kasimdzhanov won a pawn. Topalov appeared to have everything under control, however, and by using his king actively ensured that White could make no progress. A draw was agreed on move 63.

Radjabov-Adams game three was a Scotch Opening in which Radjabov appeared to build up a powerful attack. He may have missed a good chance to win with 26.Rf7. Instead, a draw was agreed on move 27.

This left Radjabov needing a win in game four to take the match to tie-breaks, a difficult feat when playing black against a 2700+ rated player: from the beginning of 2002 to this game, Adams had lost only one game with white in a normal time control game (against Alexei Shirov at Reykjavik, 2003). Faced with such a tough task, Radjabov played an extremely unusual opening: the Gundaram Defence, 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Qe7?! Adams played solidly, however, and never had a worse position. The game was drawn in 44 moves, putting Adams into the final.

Topalov-Kasimdzhanov was a Bogo Indian. Neither side seemed to have much of an advantage for most of the game, and when things simplified to a queen and knight endgame, it seemed a draw would result. Topalov played on, however, and managed to win a couple of pawns. Kasimdzhznov held the draw, however, with a perpetual check.

This meant rapid tie-breaks were required to decide whether Topalov or Kasimdzhanov would progress. To the surprise of most, Kasimdzhanov won both games, and went through to the final.

The final

So the final was to be contested between Michael Adams of England, and Rustam Kasimdzhanov of Uzbekistan. Adams' presence in the final was no surprise to most: he had been a member of the chess elite for some years, and chess statistician Jeff Sonas, for example, reckoned him to have 10 to 1 chance of winning the event before it started [14] (http://www.chessbase.com/newsdetail.asp?newsid=1715). Kasimdzhanov on the other hand was not expected to get this far (Sonas giving him just a 150 to 1 chance of winning) and although he had achieved some good results in the past, he remained a largely unknown player. The two had met just three times previously: in a rapid game at Cannes in 2001, in the Bundesliga (German chess league) in 2002, and at Wijk aan Zee in 2002. All three games had been drawn, though in Chessbase Magazine, Kasimdzhanov claimed he had a winning position at Wijk aan Zee.

The final was played on July 6, 7, 8, 10, 11 and 12, with a rest day on July 9 and tie-breaks on July 13.

  • Kasimdzhanov beats Adams 4.5-3.5 after the rapid tie-breaks, the match having been tied 3-3 after the six standard games.

Game one (Adams white)

1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 e6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Nxd4 a6 5. Bd3 Bc5 6. Nb3 Ba7 7. c4 Nc6 8. Nc3 Nge7 9. O-O d6 10. Kh1 e5 11. f4 exf4 12. Bxf4 Ng6 13. Bg3 Nge5 14. Be2 O-O 15. Qe1 Be6 16. Nd5 a5 17. a4 Bxd5 18. cxd5 Draw agreed

Game one, in which Adams had white, saw the Kan variation of the Sicilian Defence (1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 a6). Kasimdzhanov equalised quite early, and a quick draw was agreed.

Game two (Kasimdzhanov white)

Missing image
Kasimdzhanov-Adams_Kf2.png


1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nf6 3. Nxe5 d6 4. Nf3 Nxe4 5. d4 d5 6. Bd3 Nc6 7. O-O Be7 8. c4 Nb4 9. Be2 O-O 10. Nc3 Be6 11. Ne5 f6 12. Nf3 Kh8 13. a3 Nxc3 14. bxc3 Nc6 15. Nd2 Na5 16. cxd5 Bxd5 17. c4 Bf7 18. Bb2 f5 19. Bc3 c5 20. d5 Bf6 21. Qc2 b6 22. Bd3 Bxc3 23. Qxc3 Nb7 24. Nf3 Nd6 25. Ne5 f4 26. Rfe1 Bg8 27. Nc6 Qg5 28. Qe5 Qxe5 29. Nxe5 Rfe8 30. a4 g6 31. g3 fxg3 32. hxg3 Kg7 33. f4 Re7 34. a5 b5 35. cxb5 Bxd5 36. Bf1 Nf5 37. Ra3 Nd4 38. Rd1 Rd8 39. Rc3 Be6 (see diagram) 40. Kf2 Rc8 41. Rb1 g5 42. b6 axb6 43. axb6 gxf4 44. gxf4 Bd5 45. Bd3 Rf8 46. Ke3 Nc6 47. Rxc5 Nxe5 48. fxe5 Bb7 49. Be4 Rff7 50. Bxb7 Rxb7 51. Ke4 Rfd7 52. Rc6 Kf8 53. e6 Rd2 54. Rf1+ Ke8 55. Rc8+ 1-0

In game two, Adams played the Petroff Defence. His knight ended up somewhat out of the game on a5, and his e5 square was weak, allowing Kasimdzhanov to plant a knight there and obtain a significant positional advantage. Both players blundered on the last move of the time control (after which they each got an extra 15 minutes): in the position shown, Kasimdzhanov played 40.Kf2? which Adams should have answered with 40...Nxb5! which is at least equal; instead, he returned the favour with 40...Rc8?, and White was still significantly better.

Following 41.Rb1 g5 42.b6 axb6 43.axb6 gxf4 44.gxf4 Bd5 45.Bd3, a similar thing happened when Adams blundered with 45...Rf8? This pins the f4 pawn to the king and so seems to leave the e5 knight undefended, and it was probably for this reason that Kasimdzhanov played 46.Ke3? However, he could have won immediately with 46.Rxc5! when 46...Rxe5 does not work because of 47.Rc7+ when Black must either break the pin with 47...Kf6 or 47...Rf7 48.Rxf7 Kxf7 thus allowing fxe5; or else be mated with 47...Kg8 48.Rg1+ Kh8 49.Rxh7# or 47...Kh8 48.Rxh7+ Kg8 49.Rg1+ Rg5 50.Rxg5#. 46...Ne6 is also no good after 47.Rxd5 Nxf4 48.Rd7 Rxd7 49.Nxd7 Nxd3+ 50.Ke3.

In the event, Adams did not take advantage of White's mistake, and continued with 46...Nc6? (46...Ne6 was a much better try). The game ended 47.Rxc5 Nxe5 48.fxe5 Bb7 49.Be4 Rff7 50.Bxb7 Rxb7 51.Ke4 Rfd7 52.Rc6 Kf8 53.e6 Rd2 54.Rf1+ Ke8 55.Rc8+ and Adams resigned.

Game three (Adams white)

Missing image
Adams-Kasimdzhanov_Rd6.png


1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 e6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Nxd4 a6 5. Nc3 b5 6. Bd3 Qb6 7. Nf3 Qc7 8. O-O Bb7 9. Re1 Bc5 10. Qd2 Be7 11. b3 Nf6 12. Bb2 d6 13. a4 b4 14. Na2 Nc6 15. Nd4 Nxd4 16. Bxd4 a5 17. Rac1 O-O 18. c3 bxc3 19. Nxc3 Qd8 20. Nb5 e5 21. Rc7 exd4 22. Rxb7 d5 23. Qf4 Bb4 24. Rd1 dxe4 25. Bxe4 Nxe4 26. Qxe4 Qf6 27. Nc7 Rad8 28. Nd5 Qd6 29. Qxd4 Qe6 30. g3 (see diagram) 30... Rd6 31. Rxb4 axb4 32. Ne7+ Qxe7 33. Qxd6 Qe2 34. Rd4 h5 35. Qxb4 Qf3 36. h4 Rc8 37. Qd2 Rc3 38. Rf4 Qc6 39. Kh2 Rxb3 40. Qd8+ Kh7 41. Qd1 Rb7 42. Qxh5+ Kg8 43. Rd4 Qf6 44. Rd2 Ra7 45. a5 g6 46. Qb5 Kh7 47. Qb6 1-0

Game three was another Kan Sicilian, but Adams varied from game one early with 5.Nc3 instead of 5.Bd3. His 10.Qd2 in reply to 9...Bc5 was a new move (previously, 10.e5, which Adams had himself played in his win against Topalov at Tilburg in 1998, was normal): this may be planning 11.Qg5 which would prompt a weakening ...g6; if black defends with 10...f6, for example, then White can play 11.b4!? when 11...Bxb4 (11...Bd6 may be better) 12.Nxb5 leaves White with a strong position. Kasimdzhanov instead retreated with 10...Be7, losing a tempo, and he never managed to equalise. Adams' pieces ended up being much more active than their black counterparts, and he eventually planted a strong knight on b5 and a rook on the seventh rank. Adams won a pawn, but turning that into a win did not seem straightforward until Kasimdzhanov played 30...Rd6?! in the position shown. This allowed Adams to make simplifying exchanges with 31.Rxb4 axb4 32.Ne7+ Qxe7 33.Qxd6. Now exchanging queens leaves a fairly trivially won rook endgame, so Kasimdzhanov instead played 33...Qe2, but this lost another pawn after 34.Rd4 h5 35.Qxb4, and White had a won position. Kasimdzhanov resigned on move 47, making the match level at 1.5-1.5.

Game four (Kasimdzhanov white)

Missing image
Kasimdzhanov-Adams_Rxa5.png


1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Bxc6 dxc6 5. O-O Bg4 6. h3 h5 7. d3 Qf6 8. Be3 Bxf3 9. Qxf3 Qxf3 10. gxf3 Bd6 11. Nd2 Ne7 12. Rfb1 f5 13. b4 a5 14. a3 O-O 15. Nc4 axb4 16. axb4 b5 17. Na5 Ra6 18. c4 Ng6 19. Kf1 Rfa8 20. Bd2 fxe4 21. fxe4 Be7 22. c5 Bf6 23. Rd1 Kf7 24. Ke2 Ke8 25. Ra3 Nf8 26. d4 Ne6 27. dxe5 Bxe5 28. Be3 Bb2 29. Rad3 Be5 30. Rg1 (see diagram) 30... Rxa5 31. bxa5 Rxa5 32. f4 Bxf4 33. Rg6 Kf7 34. Rxe6 Kxe6 35. Bxf4 Ra4 36. Kf3 Rc4 37. Be3 b4 38. Rd4 Rxd4 39. Bxd4 g5 40. Ke3 1-0

After losing with the Petroff in game two, Adams instead played his usual 2...Nc6. Kasimdzhanov played the exchange variation of the Ruy Lopez, as he had against Grischuk in round five, and they followed theory until Adams' novelty 12...f5. White exchanged pieces and played against Black's weakened queenside, a typical plan in this variation. Adams came under considerable pressure, but it seemed he may be able to hold White off until, in the diagrammed position, he apparently tired of passive defence, and lashed out with 30...Rxa5? (30...Ke7 is probably better), which after 31.bax5 Rxa5 32.f4! Bxf4 33.Rg6 Kf7 34.Rxe6 Kxe6 35.Bxf4 left him with just two weak pawns for a bishop. Adams resigned on move 40.

Game five (Adams white)

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 d6 8. c3 O-O 9. h3 Na5 10. Bc2 c5 11. d4 Qc7 12. d5 Nc4 13. a4 Bd7 14. b3 Nb6 15. a5 Nc8 16. c4 b4 17. Nbd2 g6 18. Nf1 Nh5 19. Bh6 Re8 20. Qd2 Bf8 21. g4 Ng7 22. N3h2 Qd8 23. f4 exf4 24. Qxf4 Qe7 25. Nf3 f6 26. Ng3 Rd8 27. Rf1 Ne8 28. Bxf8 Qxf8 29. e5 dxe5 30. Nxe5 Ncd6 31. Rae1 Qg7 32. Nd3 Rac8 33. Qf2 f5 34. Ne5 Nf6 35. Nxd7 Rxd7 36. gxf5 g5 37. Re6 Kh8 38. Bd1 g4 39. hxg4 Rg8 40. Qf4 Nxg4 41. Bxg4 Qxg4 42. Qxg4 Rxg4 43. Kh2 h5 44. Kh3 Rd4 45. f6 Nf7 46. Rf5 1-0

Game six (Kasimdzhanov white)

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 O-O 8. d4 d6 9. c3 Bg4 10. Be3 exd4 11. cxd4 Na5 12. Bc2 c5 13. h3 cxd4 14. Bxd4 Bh5 15. g4 Bg6 16. Nc3 Rc8 17. Rc1 Nc6 18. Be3 Nb4 19. Bb1 d5 20. e5 Ne4 21. Ne2 Nc5 22. Bxc5 Rxc5 23. Rxc5 Bxc5 24. Nf4 Qb6 25. Rf1 Be4 26. a3 Nc6 27. Nxd5 Bxd5 28. Qxd5 Nd4 29. Kg2 Nxf3 30. Qxf3 g6 31. b4 Bd4 32. Qe4 Bb2 33. Rd1 Rd8 34. Rxd8+ Qxd8 35. Ba2 Qe7 36. e6 fxe6 37. Qa8+ Kf7 38. Qxa6 Qd7 39. g5 Ke7 40. Qa8 Bd4 41. Qg8 Qc6+ 42. Kg3 Bxf2+ 43. Kxf2 Qc2+ 44. Ke3 1/2-1/2

A pawn down, Adams was happy to take the draw with 42...Bxf2 43.Kxf2 Qc2+, when White has no way to escape the perpetual check. In fact, though, Adams could have won with 42...Qe4! when there is no satisfactory way to escape the mate threat 43...Be5+ 44.f4 Qxf4+ 45.Kg2 Qg3+ 46.Kf1 Qf3+ 47.Kg1 Bd4+ 48.Kh2 Qf2+ 49.Kh1 Qg1# If White gives his king a flight square on f2 with 43...f3, then he gets mated by 43...Qe1+ 44.Kg4 Qg1+ 45.Kf4 e5+ 46.Ke4 Qe3+ 47.Kd5 Qxf3#; 43.Qxh7+ also leaves White doomed after 43...Kf8: for example, 44.Qh6+ Bg7 45.Qh4 Be5+ 46.f4 Qe1+ 47.Kg4 Qe2+ 48.Kg3 Bc3, and white has no defence to ...Be1; or 44.Qd7 Be5+ 45.f4 Bxf4+ (more simply, something like 45...Qxf4+ 46.Kg2 Qxg5+ 47.Kf2 Qg3+ 48.Ke2 Qg2+ 49.Kd1 Qxa2 also wins) 46.Kf2 Be3+ 47.Kf1 Qf3+ 48.Ke1 Qf2+ 49.Kd1 Qf1+ 50.Kc2 Qc1+ 51.Kb3 Qc4+ 52.Kb2 Bd4+ 53.Kb1 Qd3+ 54.Kc1 Be3+, and White loses his queen (with mate soon to follow).

Rapid game one (Adams white)

1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 d6 4. O-O Bd7 5. Re1 Nf6 6. c3 a6 7. Ba4 b5 8. Bc2 Rc8 9. a4 g6 10. axb5 axb5 11. d4 cxd4 12. cxd4 Bg4 13. Nc3 b4 14. Ne2 Bg7 15. d5 Bxf3 16. gxf3 Ne5 17. Ba4+ Nfd7 18. Nd4 O-O 19. f4 Nc4 20. Nc6 Rxc6 21. dxc6 Nc5 22. Qe2 Nb6 23. Bb5 Nb3 24. Ra6 Nd4 25. Qd3 Na8 26. Ra4 Nc7 27. Rxb4 Qb8 28. Rxd4 Bxd4 29. Qxd4 Qxb5 30. f5 Rc8 31. Bh6 Ne8 32. e5 Rxc6 33. exd6 Rxd6 34. Qe5 Qxe5 35. Rxe5 Rd7 36. Rc5 f6 37. fxg6 hxg6 38. Be3 Rb7 39. Bd4 Kf7 40. Kg2 Nd6 41. Bc3 e5 42. Ra5 Nc4 43. Ra1 Rb6 44. b4 Nd6 45. Rb1 Ke6 46. Bd2 f5 47. Be3 Rb7 48. Bc5 Ne4 49. Rd1 Rc7 50. Bb6 Rc6 51. Ba7 Ra6 52. Be3 f4 53. Bc1 Ra4 54. Re1 Kf5 55. Bb2 Rxb4 56. Bxe5 f3+ 57. Kxf3 Kxe5 58. Kg4 Kf6 59. f4 Nf2+ 60. Kg3 Nd3 0-1

Rapid game two (Kasimdzhanov white)

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Bxc6 dxc6 5. O-O Qd6 6. d3 Ne7 7. Be3 Ng6 8. Nbd2 c5 9. a4 b6 10. Nc4 Qe6 11. Ng5 Qf6 12. Qh5 h6 13. Nh3 Bxh3 14. Qxh3 Bd6 15. Qg4 Rd8 16. g3 h5 17. Qe2 Qe6 18. f4 exf4 19. gxf4 Qg4+ 20. Qxg4 hxg4 21. Rae1 Kd7 22. e5 Be7 23. f5 Nh4 24. e6+ fxe6 25. Ne5+ Kc8 26. fxe6 Rdf8 27. Rf7 Bd6 28. Bg5 Nf3+ 29. Nxf3 gxf3 30. h4 Rxf7 31. exf7 Kd7 32. Re8 Rxe8 33. fxe8Q+ Kxe8 34. Kf2 Kf7 35. Kxf3 g6 36. Kg4 Ke6 37. Bd2 Be7 38. Bf4 c6 39. c4 b5 40. b3 Bf6 41. Be3 Be7 42. Bf4 Bf8 43. Kg5 Kf7 44. Kg4 Kf6 45. Bg3 Bh6 46. Bd6 Be3 47. Bg3 Ke6 48. Bc7 1/2-1/2

The Kasparov match

Kasimdzhanov's victory meant he qualified for a match against world number one Garry Kasparov, the winner of which will play a match against Vladimir Kramnik or Péter Lékó in a match reunifying the World Championship. FIDE opened the bidding for this match in August 2004, bids to be received by September 15. This deadline was later extended to September 25. The organiser was to be chosen at the FIDE Presidential Board meeting in October 2004, but in fact, FIDE President Kirsan Ilymzhinov announced ahead of this time that the match had been awarded to the United Arab Emirates.

The match was to be held over 12 games with the time control 40 moves in 2 hours, followed by an additional one hour for the next 20 moves, followed by an additional 15 minutes for the remainder of the game, with an increment of 15 seconds per move from move one. The winner would be the first to score 6.5 points. The time control in these games will be

If the score is tied at 6-6 after 12 games, then there will be four games at a time control of 25 minutes for the game plus an extra 10 seconds after each move; if the score is still tied after these, there will be two games with a time control of 5 minutes for the game plus an increment of 10 seconds per move; if the scores are still tied, there will be a single sudden-death game (Armageddon) in which white shall have six minutes and black shall have five; if the game is drawn, the player with black shall be World Champion.

The prize fund will be at least $1,000,000, 55% of which will go to the winner, unless the match is tied 6-6 after 12 games, in which case the prize money will be split 50-50 regardless of the outcome of tie-breaks. Under section five of the match regulations, the winner of this match will play a reunification match against the winner of the Kramnik-Leko match "during the first 7 months of 2005 unless FIDE decides otherwise." [15] (http://www.fide.com/news.asp?id=527)

In the event, this plan did not come to fruition: the promised funding for the match never arrived, and plans to hold the match instead in Turkey also came to nothing. The whole question of how and when the Kasparov-Kasimdzhanov match would take place, or what would occur in its stead, was made irrelevant by Kasparov's announcement in March 2005 that he was retiring from serious chess, though the question of how the World Championship might be reunified remains current.

Further reading

  • Chessbase Magazine 102 (CD-ROM, Chessbase, 2004) - includes all the games of the championship, many with notes

External links

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