From Academic Kids
An exclave is a territory that belongs to a political entity but is not connected to it by land (islands are not counted) and is surrounded by other political entities. A good example is the region around the Russian city Kaliningrad. It belongs to the Russian Federation, but is separated from the rest of that country by territory belonging to Lithuania and Poland.
Although both meanings are close, an exclave may not necessarily be an enclave. Kaliningrad is surrounded not by one state only, but by two: Lithuania and Poland and it also borders the Baltic Sea. On the other hand, the Spanish exclave of Llívia is an enclave in France.
- Baarle-Hertog, a Belgian exclave within the Dutch province of North Brabant.
- The cities of Ceuta and Melilla are Spanish exclaves on the north African Moroccan coast.
- Cabinda, an Angolan exclave and province between Democratic Republic of Congo (former Zaire) and the Republic of Congo.
- The Dubrovnik region of Croatia.
- East Prussia, a German exclave during the Weimar Republic: it was separated from Germany after World War I, when Poland regained access to the sea. East Prussia later became part of Poland and Russia (see Kaliningrad above).
- Nakhchivan, an exclave of Azerbaijan.
- Oecussi-Ambeno is an East Timorese exclave surrounded by Indonesian territory.
- Alaska, an exclave of the United States of America. (Hawaii is not counted because it is made up of islands.)
- Point Roberts, Washington is another American exclave attached to a Canadian peninsula of British Columbia.
- In Massachusetts, Norfolk County is not fully contiguous; the towns of Brookline and Cohasset are part of Norfolk County but are surrounded on all sides by other counties.
- The Upper Peninsula of Michigan is attached by land to Wisconsin. It can be reached from the Lower Peninsula of Michigan by the 5 mile (8 km) long Mackinac Bridge.
- The Northwest Angle of Minnesota is attached by land to the Canadian provinces of Manitoba and Ontario; road access to the rest of the United States is only available through Manitoba.
- The Eastern Shore of Virginia, comprising Accomack County and Northampton County, is located at the southern tip of the Delmarva Peninsula. It can be reached by the Virginia mainland via the 23 mile (37 km) long Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel.
- The westernmost fragment of Kentucky, a piece of land known as the Madrid Bend, is surrounded on three sides by the Mississippi River, with Missouri on the opposite shore. Road access to the rest of Kentucky is only available by initially going south into Tennessee.
- The Omani territory of Madha is located in the United Arab Emirates, at the Strait of Hormuz. There is an exclave of UAE wholly within Madha called Nahwa, which belongs to Emirate of Sharjah. This is an example of an exclave inside an exclave as well as an enclave within an enclave.
- More examples of exclaves in subnational units include the traditional counties of Flintshire in Wales and Cromartyshire in Scotland.
- Temburong is a district in Brunei unconnected to the larger western part of the country, thus it is an exclave of Brunei. The district, like the whole of the country, is a coastal enclave in Malaysia.
- Erenköy is a tiny exclave of the beakaway Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
- more examples at the entry for enclave
- Enclaves of the world (http://vwww.abo.fi/users/rpalmber/enclaves.htm)
- Jan S. Krogh's Geosite (http://geosite.jankrogh.com/exclaves.htm)
- exclave.info (http://exclave.info/territory_list.html)cs:Exkláva