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Environment

From Academic Kids

An environment is a complex of external factors that acts on a system and determines its course and form of existence. An environment may be thought of as a superset, of which the given system is a subset. An environment may have one or more parameters, physical or otherwise. The environment of a given system must necessarily interact with that system.

Generally, the environment or milieu of some object or action consists of the substances, circumstances, objects, or conditions by which it is surrounded or in which it occurs. (Although the two terms are usually synonyms, some sciences prefer the less common milieu to avoid confusion with the more wider-known meanings of environment in ecology, politics, and sociology.)

Either word may be used with specialized meaning in various contexts:

Contents

Life science

  • In biology, Environment may be defined as the complex of climatic, biotic, social and edaphic factors that acts upon an organism and determines its form and survival. It, therefore, includes everything that may directly affect the metabolism or behavior of a living organism or species, including light, air, water, soil, and other living beings. See Natural environment.
  • In architecture, ergonomy, and work safety, it is the ensemble of elements of a room or building that affect the well-being and efficiency of its occupants—including dimensions and arrangement of living spaces and furniture, light, ventilation, temperature, noise, etc. It may also refer to the collection of built strucures. See built environment.
  • See geography for a subject that is a study of the environment. (Terms like SOSE (Studies of Society & the Environment) not only refer to environmental studies, but also social sciences.)
  • In psychology, environmentalism is the theory that environment (in the general and social sense) plays a greater role than heredity in determining an individual's development. study of living things...in short.

Physical science

Liberal arts and social science

Computer science and informatics

See also

External links

bn:পরিবেশ

cs:Životní prostředí da:Milj de:Umwelt es:Medio ambiente fr:Environnement hi:पर्यावरण it:Ambiente lb:mwelt li:Miljeu nl:Milieu ja:環境 pl:Środowisko pt:Ambiente ru:Окружающая среда fi:Ymprist zh:环境

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