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Ennio Morricone

From Academic Kids

Ennio Morricone (born November 10, 1928) is an Italian composer, especially noted for his film scores. He has composed the scores of more than 500 TV series and films, only 30 of them Westerns. It is, however, for his Westerns that he is best known, and his sparse style of composition for this genre is exemplified particularly by the soundtrack for Sergio Leone's classic The Good, the Bad and the Ugly.

He was born in Rome and was educated at the Conservatory of Santa Cecilia in the trumpet, composition, and choral music and choral direction. He began writing music for films in 1955 but continued to work in classical composition and arrangement. In 1956 he married Maria Travia. In 1964 he began his famous collaboration with Sergio Leone and also Bernardo Bertolucci. For Leone he wrote the score for Per un Pugno di Dollari in 1965 and continued with a number of other Spaghetti Westerns. By 1968 he was reducing his work outside of film, in the same year he wrote twenty scores for films.

He received his first Nastro d'Argento in 1970 for the music in Metti, una Sera a Cena and his second only a year later for Sacco and Vanzetti. He received his first nomination for an Academy Award in 1979 for the score to Days of Heaven and another in 1986 for The Mission, 1987 for The Untouchables and 2001 for Malna.

He composed over two dozen scores for the Italian Mafia TV series La Piovra. See La Piovra 2 (soundtrack), La Piovra 3 (soundtrack), La Piovra 4 (soundtrack), La Piovra 5 (soundtrack).

Morricone's film music has been recorded by other artists on a number of occasions: Hugo Montenegro had a hit with a version of the theme from The Good, the Bad and the Ugly in both the UK and the US and followed it up with an album of Morricone's music in 1968, and John Zorn recorded an album of Morricone's music, The Big Gundown, in the mid-1980s. More recently, in 2004, virtuoso cellist Yo-Yo Ma recorded an album of Morricone classics with the Roma Sinfonietta Orchestra and Morricone himself conducting. The metal band Metallica uses Morricone's 'Ecstasy of Gold' as an intro at their concerts. The San Francisco Symphony Orchestra also played it on the symphonic Metallica album S&M.

In 2003 he scored the Japanese Taiga Drama about Miyamoto Musashi, Japan's legendary warrior.

External links

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