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Elisha Gray

From Academic Kids

Template:Infobox Biography Elisha Gray (August 2, 1835January 21, 1901) invented the telephone in his laboratory in Highland Park, Illinois, independently of Alexander Graham Bell.

Born into a Quaker family in Barnesville, Ohio, Gray was brought up on a farm. He spent two years at Oberlin College where he worked with electricity. In 1867 he received a patent for an improved telegraph relay and he went on to receive patents in over 70 other inventions.

In 1872, Gray founded the Western Electric Manufacturing Company. In 1874, he retired and did independent research and taught at Oberlin.

Gray was a charter member of the Highland Park Presbyterian Church (http://www.highlandpark.org/hppresby/) (which still exists) and gave the first public demonstration of his invention in its sanctuary in 1874. On February 14, 1876, he submitted an announcement to the patent office, but it turned out to be just two hours after Alexander Graham Bell did. Although Bell did not have a working prototype, and the device described in his patent did not work, after two years of litigation he was awarded rights to the invention. As a result, Bell is usually credited as the inventor.

External links

ko:일라이셔 그레이 no:Elisha Gray

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