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Elihu Root

From Academic Kids

Elihu Root (February 15, 1845February 7, 1937) was an American lawyer and statesman.

Root was born in Clinton, New York where he attended Hamilton College. He served as the United States Secretary of War 18991903 and the United States Secretary of State from 19051909. He was responsible for enlarging West Point and establishing the U.S. Army War College. He was among the founders of the American Law Institute in 1923.

He received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1912. He served in the United States Senate (RepublicanNew York) from 1909 to 1915. He served as President of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace from 1910 to 1925. In that capacity, he helped created the Hague Academy of International Law in the Netherlands.

Elihu Root is the second cousin twice removed of Henry Luce through Elihu Root (1772-1843).

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Preceded by:
Russell A. Alger
United States Secretary of War
18991904
Succeeded by:
William Howard Taft
Preceded by:
John Hay
United States Secretary of State
19041909
Succeeded by:
Robert Bacon
Preceded by:
Thomas C. Platt
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from New York
1909-1915
Succeeded by:
James Wolcott Wadsworth Jr.

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