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Eduardo Paolozzi

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PaolozziNewton1995.jpg
Paolozzi's Newton, bronze (1995) in the courtyard of the British Library. Paolozzi follows William Blake's The Ancient of Days in illustrating how Newton's equations changed our view of the world to being one determined by mathematical laws.

Professor Sir Eduardo Luigi Paolozzi CBE FRA (March 7 1924April 22 2005), was a Scottish sculptor and artist. Paolozzi was born in Leith in north Edinburgh, the eldest son of Italian immigrants. He studied at the Edinburgh College of Art in 1943, briefly at the St. Martin's School of Art in 1944, and then at the Slade School of Art in London from 1944 to 1947, after which he worked in Paris, France.

Largely a surrealist, Paolozzi came to public attention in the 1960s by producing a range of striking screenprints. Paolozzi was a leading light in the 60s British pop art movement, although he always described his work as surrealist, and a founder of the Independent Group. Latterly he became better known as a sculptor. Paolozzi is known for producing largely lifelike statuary works, but with rectilinear (often cubic) elements added or removed, or the human form deconstructed in a cubist manner.

His works include:

He taught sculpture and ceramics at a number of institutions, including University of California, Berkeley (in 1968) and at the Royal College of Art. Paolozzi has a long association with Germany, having worked in Berlin from 1974 as part of the Artists Exchange Scheme. He was a professor at the Fachhochschule in Cologne from 1977 to 1981, and later taught sculpture at the Akademie der Bildenden Knste in Munich.

Paolozzi was awarded the CBE in 1968 and in 1979 he was elected to the Royal Academy. He became the Her Majesty's Sculptor in Ordinary for Scotland in 1986, holding the office until his death. He became Sir Eduardo upon his knighthood in 1989.

In 1994 Paolozzi gave the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art a large body of his works, and much of the content of his artist's studio. In 1999 the National Galleries of Scotland opened the Dean Gallery to display this collection, and the gallery displays a reproduction of Paolozzi's studio, with its contents arranged as they were in the original London location.

In 2001 Paolozzi suffered a near-fatal stroke (causing an incorrect magazine report that he had died).

However illness confined him to a wheelchair, and he died in hospital in London in April 2005.

External links

pl:Eduardo Paolozzi zh-cn: 包洛奇

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