East River

From Academic Kids

This entry is about the East River in New York City. For other uses, please see East River (disambiguation).

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Wpdms_ISS002E6333_east_river.jpg
The lower section of East River in New York City
The East River is shown in red on a satellite photo of New York City
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The East River is shown in red on a satellite photo of New York City

The East River is both a tidal strait and a tidal estuary in New York City connecting Upper New York Bay on its south end to Long Island Sound on its north end. It separates Long Island (the boroughs of Queens and Brooklyn) from the island of Manhattan and the Bronx.

In reference to its connection to Long Island Sound, it was once also known as the Sound River.

The river is spanned by eight bridges, which from north to south are:

Historically, the lower portion of the river (separating Manhattan from Brooklyn) was one of the busiest and most important channels in the world, particularly during the first three centuries .of New York City's history. The Brooklyn Bridge, opened in 1883, was the first bridge to span the river, replacing frequent ferry service. (Some passenger ferry service remains between Queens and Manhattan.)

A total of thirteen tunnels run under the East River. Two of them, the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel and Queens-Midtown Tunnel, carry automobile traffic. One carries inter-city and commuter railroad traffic connecting to Penn Station. The remaining ten carry subway traffic.

The Bronx River drains into the East River in the northern section of the strait.

North of Ward's Island, it is joined by the Bronx Kill. Along the east of Ward's Island, at approximately the strait's midpoint, the it narrows into a channel called Hell Gate, which is spanned by both the Triborough Bridge and the Hell Gate Bridge. On the south side of Ward's Island, it is joined by the Harlem River.

Newtown Creek on Long Island drains into the East River, forming part of the boundary between Queens and Brooklyn.

The East River contains a number of islands, including:

External link

East River page from the Greater Astoria Historical Society (http://www.eastrivernyc.org)he:נהר איסט pt:Rio East

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