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Diptera

From Academic Kids

Diptera
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Two_flies.jpg



Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Subclass:Pterygota
Infraclass:Neoptera
Superorder:Endopterygota
Order:Diptera
Suborders

Archidiptera
Eudiptera
Brachycera

Diptera are insects in which the hind wings are reduced to halteres.

Contents

Synonyms and common names

Flies, mosquitoes, gnats and midges are the species in this order. In compound names containing "fly" for members of this order, the name is written as two words as in "crane fly". For insects that are members of other orders the name is written as a single word as in "butterfly".

Subdivision

About 85,000 species of insect have only two wings and are classified as members of Diptera, There are two generally accepted sub-orders of Diptera. The Nematocera are usually recognized by their elongated bodies and feathery antennae as represented by mosquitoes and crane flies. The Brachycera tend to have a more roundly proportioned body and very short antennae.

Beyond that, considerable revision in the taxonomy of the flies has taken place since the introduction of modern cladistic techniques, and much remains uncertain. The secondary ranks between the sub-orders and the families are more out of practical considerations than out of any strict respect for phylogenetic classifications. (Modern cladists tend to spurn the use of any rank names.) Several of the classifications used now in this article remain paraphyletic groupings; this is particularly notable in the Orthorrapha.

Family names

Families in the list below marked with a plus sign are extinct.

Nematocera

Cyclorrhapha - Acalyptratae

Cyclorrhapha - Calyptratae

Cyclorrhapha - Aschiza

Higher level invalid names

References

As of 2005-04-15

de:Zweiflgler eo:Dipteroj fr:Diptres he:זבובאים nl:Tweevleugeligen pl:Muchwki pt:Diptera

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