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De Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou

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C-7 Caribou
The CV-2 Caribou
Description
RoleSTOL utility transport
Crew3
Dimensions
Length72.58 ft22.12 m
Wingspan95.58 ft29.13 m
Height31.66 ft9.65 m
Wing area912 ft²84.7 m²
Weights
Empty18,260 lb (B variant)8,283 kg
Loaded31,000 lb14,198 kg
Powerplant
EnginesTwo Pratt and Whitney R-2000-7M2 Twin Wasp 14-cylinder
Power1,450 hp1081 kW
Performance
Maximum speed216 mph348 km/h
Combat range1,307 mi2,103 km
Ferry range242 mi389 km
Service ceiling24,800 ft (B)7,559 m
Rate of climb1,355 ft/min413 m/min

The de Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou (known in the US military as the C-7 Caribou) was designed as a specialized transport for STOL (short takeoff and landing). It was first flown in 1958 and delivery was taken by the United States Army in 1961. In Army hands, the craft was known as the CV-2 Caribou.

The Army purchased 159 of the aircraft and they served their purpose as a tactical transport well during the Vietnam War, where larger cargo aircraft such as the C-123 Provider and the C-130 Hercules could not land on the shorter landing strips. The aircraft could carry 32 troops or two Jeeps or similar light verhicles. The rear loading ramp could also be used for parachute dropping.

In 1967, a political decision was made by the United States Air Force who demanded that the Army turn them over as fixed-wing aircraft was the job of the Air Force. In exchange, however, the Army traded the Caribou to the Air Force in exchange for an end to the restrictions on helicopters in the Army.

Most of the C-7s have since been phased out of the military.

The Royal Australian Air Force still operates 14 caribous.

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