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Dawson City, Yukon

From Academic Kids

The Town of the City of Dawson or Dawson City is a town in the Yukon territory of Canada, located at Template:Coor dms. The current population is approximately 2,000. The locals generally refer to it simply as 'Dawson', but the tourist industry generally refers to it as 'Dawson City' to differentiate it from Dawson Creek, British Columbia, which is at Km 0 of the Alaska Highway.

Aerial view of Dawson City with the Yukon river in early May
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Aerial view of Dawson City with the Yukon river in early May

The townsite was named in January 1897 after noted Canadian geologist George Mercer Dawson, who had explored the region in 1887. It served as the Yukon's capital from the territory's founding in 1898 until 1952, when the seat was moved to Whitehorse.

The Klondike Gold Rush started in 1896 changed the native summer fish camp into a thriving city of 40,000 by 1898. By 1899, the gold rush had ended and the town's population plummetted as 8,000 people left. When Dawson was incorporated as a city in 1902, the population was under 5,000.

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Dawson2.jpg
All the buildings of the city look old-fashioned; all new construction must follow this policy.

Many of the major buildings in town are part of the Dawson National Historic Site. There are a number of displays in some of the old buildings, and parks employees dress up like characters from the Klondike Gold Rush. Also in the Dawson area is the Dredge No. 4 National Historic Site of Canada and the S.S. Keno National Historic Site of Canada.

Today, Dawson City's main industries are tourism and gold mining.

The town is served by the Dawson Airport.

Climate

Like most of the Yukon, Dawson City has a subarctic climate. Dawson experiences annual temperature average daily highs of 23°C in July and average daily lows of −31°C in January. Average annual daily temperature is -4.4°C. Record high temperature was 35°C in May 1983 and the lowest was −56°C in February 1992. Dawson has an average annual snowfall of 160cm and 200 mm of rainfall. Dawson averages 90 frost free days per year.


Template:Canada CP 2001

External links

Tourism Related Links

Template:Canada-geo-stubde:Dawson City fr:Dawson City

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