Culture of Turkey
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The culture of Turkey is derived from various elements of the Ottoman Empire, European, and the Islamic traditions. The nation was modernized primarily by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, as he successfully transformed a religion-driven former Ottoman Empire into a modern nation-state with a very strong separation of state and religion.
Main article: Islam in Turkey
Turkey is around 98% Muslim, and so this plays a large role in day to day life for most people. However, when Kemal Atatürk was elected in 1928, he started a new form of Kemalist government, that emphasized secularism - this change included legislation such as the hat law and others which focused on making physical changes in Turkish society so as to appear more "modern" and secular, thinking that mental change would follow. Atatürk (which translates to "Father of Turkey") is revered in Turkey, and speaking ill of him is likely to get you in serious social, if not legal, trouble. Because of these different historical factors playing important roles in defining Turkish identity, the culture of Turkey is an interesting combination of clear efforts to be "modern" and western European, combined with the necessity felt of maintaining their religious and historical values.
In the first years of the republic, a large amount of resources was invested into the fine arts, such as paintings, sculptures and architecture, amongst other things. This was done as both a process of modernization and creating a cultural identity.
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Main article: Music of Turkey
There are various genres of music in Turkey, ranging from classic to rock to hip hop.
The various other non-Turk population also follow their own different customs aside from the regional.
- History of Turkey
- Kurdish culture
- Turkish cuisine
- Turkish literature
- Turkish language
- Yagli gures