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Culture of Turkey

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The culture of Turkey is derived from various elements of the Ottoman Empire, European, and the Islamic traditions. The nation was modernized primarily by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, as he successfully transformed a religion-driven former Ottoman Empire into a modern nation-state with a very strong separation of state and religion.

Contents

Religion

Main article: Islam in Turkey

Turkey is around 98% Muslim, and so this plays a large role in day to day life for most people. However, when Kemal Atatürk was elected in 1928, he started a new form of Kemalist government, that emphasized secularism - this change included legislation such as the hat law and others which focused on making physical changes in Turkish society so as to appear more "modern" and secular, thinking that mental change would follow. Atatürk (which translates to "Father of Turkey") is revered in Turkey, and speaking ill of him is likely to get you in serious social, if not legal, trouble. Because of these different historical factors playing important roles in defining Turkish identity, the culture of Turkey is an interesting combination of clear efforts to be "modern" and western European, combined with the necessity felt of maintaining their religious and historical values.

Art

In the first years of the republic, a large amount of resources was invested into the fine arts, such as paintings, sculptures and architecture, amongst other things. This was done as both a process of modernization and creating a cultural identity.

Paintings

Missing image
Turkishpaintings14.jpg
A painting by Nazmi Ziya Guran

To be completed later.


Music

Main article: Music of Turkey

There are various genres of music in Turkey, ranging from classic to rock to hip hop.

Architecture

The Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Blue Mosque), Istanbul
Enlarge
The Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Blue Mosque), Istanbul
Suleiman Mosque in Istanbul, Turkey
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Suleiman Mosque in Istanbul, Turkey

Turkish architecture is best shown in its mosques. The Blue Mosque and Suleiman Mosque, for example are two of the most popular and beautiful structures in Turkey.

The various other non-Turk population also follow their own different customs aside from the regional.

See also

External links

Art and Culture of Turkey (http://www.turkishembassy.org/artculture/)es:Cultura de Turquía fr:culture de la Turquie

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