County Dublin

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Dublin
Missing image
IrelandDublin.png
Image:IrelandDublin.png

Area: 921 km²
Capital: Dublin
Code: D
Population: 1,122,821 (2002)
Province: Leinster

Dublin (Irish Áth Cliath) is the area that contains the City of Dublin, the capital and largest city of the Republic of Ireland; and the counties of Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown, Fingal and South Dublin.

Contents

Introduction

Dublin is located on the east coast of Ireland in the province of Leinster. The area was a county until its dissolution in 1994, where Section 9 Part 1(a) of the Local Government (Dublin) Act, 1993 stated that as of 1st January 1994 "the county shall cease to exist"1. At that time, and in response to a European Council report highlighting Ireland as the most centralised country in the European Union, it was decided that a single County Dublin was unmanageable and undemocratic from a Local Government perspective. The county was formally abolished and replaced with Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown, Fingal, and South Dublin. The Government was fully aware of the magnitude of the legislation that was being passed, most poignantly noted by Deputy Avril Doyle in the Dáil Éireann assembly of the 3rd of November 1993, where she declared "The Bill before us today effectively abolishes County Dublin. I am not sure whether Dubliners realise that that is what we are about today, but in effect that is the case"2. At present, many organisations, state agencies and sporting teams continue to operate on a "County Dublin" basis. Subsequently, much confusion exists around the legitimacy of the new counties - though they do have administrative county status, the only protected recognition of a county within the Republic of Ireland. The new counties, in place of County Dublin, will appear on all Irish national maps from 2006 onwards. The area is now defined in legislation as the "Dublin Region" under the Regional Authorities (Establishment) Order 1993, and this is the terminology officially used by the four Dublin administrative councils in press releases concerning the former county area. Separate use of the term Greater Dublin Area, which consists of all of the Dublin Region and the counties of Kildare, Meath and Wicklow has created additional confusion. The census of 20023 recorded the total population of the Dublin Region at 1,122,821, accounting for 28% of the national figure.

Local Government

Dublin City Council has existed for centuries, previously as Dublin Corporation, as a county borough, whilst Dublin County Council in 1994 was abolished and replaced by three new county councils. Thus in summary the local authority divisions within the Dublin Region are:

Name Location Status Area: km² Pop: 2002 3
Dublin centre city 114.99 (12.6%) 495,781 (44.2%)
Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown south-east county 127.31 (13.9%) 191,792 (17.1%)
Fingal north county 448.07 (49.1%) 196,413 (17.5%)
South Dublin south-west county 222.74 (24.4%) 238,835 (21.3%)

Towns and suburbs

Footnote

1. Irish Statute Book: Local Government (Dublin) Act, 1993 (Section 9 Part 1(a)) (http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/ZZA31Y1993S9.html)

2. Dáil Éireann: Parliamentary Debates (03 November, 1993) (http://www.oireachtas-debates.gov.ie/D/0435/D.0435.199311030007.html)

3. Central Statistics Office: Census 2002 (Volume 1- Population Classified by Area) (http://www.cso.ie/census/Vol1.htm)

External link

Template:Ireland countiesde:Dublin (County) ga:Contae Bhaile Átha Cliath nl:County Dublin no:Dublin (grevskap) pl:Dublin (hrabstwo) pt:Condado de Dublin ro:Comitatul Dublin

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