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Comparative military ranks of World War II

From Academic Kids

The following table shows comparative officer ranks of major Allied and Axis powers during World War II. For modern ranks refer to Comparative military ranks.

Major participants not shown:

KEY:

Navy
Army
Air Force
Waffen/Allgemeine-SS ¹
All Services
Approximate
modern NATO
equivalent
Union Jack
Star-spangled Banner
Missing image
Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union.png
Flag of the USSR

Missing image
Flag_of_the_Third_Reich.png
Swastika flag of the Third Reich

Missing image
16-jo_kyokujitsu-ki.png
Japanese Imperial Flag

</center>
UK, British Empire
& Commonwealth
United States Soviet Union6 German Third Reich Empire of Japan
OF-10

Admiral of the Fleet
Field Marshal
Marshal of the RAF


Fleet Admiral
General of the Army
Генерали́ссимус Сове́тского Сою́за (Generalissimus Sovetskogo Soyuza) Reichsmarschall des Großdeutschen Reiches

Gensui
Ма́ршал Сове́тского Сою́за (Marshal Sovetskogo Soyuza) Großadmiral
Generalfeldmarschall
Generalfeldmarschall
Reichsführer-SS
OF-9 Admiral
General
Air Chief Marshal
Admiral
General
Адмира́л фло́та (Admiral Flota)2;
Генера́л а́рмии, Гла́вный ма́ршал ... (General [of the], Glavnyy Marshal [of the]...) 5</font>
Generaladmiral
Generaloberst
Generaloberst
Oberstgruppenführer
Taishō
Ма́ршал ... (Marshal [of the] ...)5
OF-8 Vice Admiral
Lieutenant General
Air Marshal
Vice Admiral
General-Lieutenant
Адмира́л (Admiral)
Генера́л-полко́вник (General-Polkovnik)
Admiral
General
General der Flieger
Obergruppenführer
Chūjū
OF-7 Rear Admiral
Major General
Air Vice Marshal
Rear Admiral
Major General
Ви́це-адмира́л (Vice Admiral)
Генера́л-лейтена́нт (General Leytenant)
Vizeadmiral
Generalleutnant
Generalleutnant
Gruppenführer
Shōshō
OF-6 Commodore
Brigadier
Air Commodore
Commodore
(rank reintroduced 1943)

Brigadier General
Ко́нтр-адмира́л (Kontr Admiral)
Генера́л-майо́р (General Major)
Konteradmiral
Generalmajor
Generalmajor
Brigadeführer
.
OF-5 Captain
Colonel
Group Captain
Captain
Colonel
Капита́н 1-го ра́нга (Kapitan, 1-go ranga)
Полко́вник (Polkovnik)
Kapitän zur See / Kommodore
Oberst
Oberst
Oberführer/Standartenführer 3
Daisa
Taisa
OF-4 Commander
Lieutenant Colonel
Wing Commander
Commander
Lieutenant Colonel
Капита́н 2-го ра́нга (Kapitan, 2-go ranga)
Подполко́вник (Podpolkovnik)
Fregattenkapitän
Oberstleutnant
Oberstleutnant
Obersturmbannführer
Chūsa
OF-3 Lieutenant Commander
Major
Squadron Leader
Lieutenant Commander
Major
Капита́н 3-го ра́нга (Kapitan, 3-go ranga)
Майо́р (Major)
Korvettenkapitän
Major
Major
Sturmbannführer
Shōsa
OF-2 Lieutenant
Captain
Flight Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Captain
Капита́н-лейтена́нт (Kapitan Leytenant)
Капита́н (Kapitan)
Kapitänleutnant
Hauptmann/Rittmeister 4
Hauptmann
Hauptsturmführer
Daii
Taii
OF-1 Sub Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Flying Officer
Lieutenant Junior Grade
First Lieutenant
Ста́рший лейтена́нт (Starshiyi Leytenant)
Ста́рший лейтена́нт (Starshiyi Leytenant)
Oberleutnant zur See
Oberleutnant
Oberleutnant
Obersturmführer
Chūi
Commissioned Warrant Officer
Second Lieutenant
Pilot Officer
Ensign
Second Lieutenant
Лейтена́нт (Leytenant)
Лейтена́нт (Leytenant)
Leutnant zur See
Leutnant
Leutnant
Untersturmführer
Shōi
Мла́дший лейтена́нт (Mladshij Leytenant)
Мла́дший лейтена́нт (Mladshij Leytenant)

Notes

  1. Generals in the Waffen-SS would also hold the title equivalent to the army's, such as Generalmajor of the SS.
  2. Until 1944 there was no higher rank in the Red Navy than Admiral, when Admiral of the Fleet was introduced (even higher-ranking Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union was established only in 1955).
  3. Oberführer and Standartenführer were separate ranks, but both were equivalent to an Oberst. Oberführer was the senior rank.
  4. Captains in the cavalry and mounted transport corps were called Rittmeister.
  5. One of the following Army branches: Aviation, Artillery, Armoured troops, Engineer troops, Communications troops (note that Air Force wasn't a separate service in the Soviet Union). Both Marshal and Chief Marshal of a branch are equivalent to General of the Army and are not to be confused with Marshal of the Soviet Union.
  6. Transliterations are approximate as there is no standardization in converting Cyrillic to Latin.

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