Civil Rights Act
From Academic Kids
Several United States laws have been called the Civil Rights Act:
- Civil Rights Act of 1866 aimed to buttress Civil Rights Laws to protect freedmen and to grant full citizenship to those born on U.S. soil except Indians. While President Andrew Johnson vetoed the bill, the veto was overridden by U.S. Congress.
- Civil Rights Act of 1875 guaranteed blacks the same treatment as whites in certain public places.
- Civil Rights Act of 1957 established a Civil Rights Commission (CRC) to protect individuals rights to equal protection and permitted courts to grant injunctions in support of the CRC.
- Civil Rights Act of 1960 established federal inspection of local voter registration rolls
- Civil Rights Act of 1964 was a landmark law protecting black men from job and other forms of discrimination.
- Civil Rights Act of 1968 prohibited discrimination concerning the sale, rental, and financing of housing.
- Civil Rights Act of 1991 provided for the right to trial by jury on discrimination claims and introduced the possibility of emotional distress damages, while limiting the amount that a jury could award.