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Cisalpine Gaul

From Academic Kids

Cisalpine Gaul (Latin: Gallia Cisalpina, meaning "Gaul this side of the Alps") was a province of the Roman Republic, in Emilia and Lombardy of modern-day northern Italy. Sometimes referred to as Provincia Ariminum. Gallia Transpadana denoted that part of Cisalpine Gaul between the Po and the Alps. The province was governed from Mutina (modern-day Modena), where in 73 BCE the forces under Spartacus defeated the legion of Cassius Longinus, the provincial governor.

The province was merged into Italia about 43–42 BCE, as part of Octavian's 'Italicisation' program during the Second Triumvirate. Previously, its border had been marked by the small river called the Rubicon.

The end of the provincia required a new governing law, though its contemporary name is unknown. The parts of it that are inscribed on a bronze tablet preserved in the museum at Parma are entirely concerned with arranging the judiciary establishment appointed two viri and four viri juri dicundo a Prefect of Mutina is also mentioned in the lex [1] (http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/secondary/SMIGRA*/Lex_Rubria.html).

Virgil was born in Gallia Cisalpina, the province's most famous son.

See also:

nl:Gallia Cisalpina pl:Galia Przedalpejska

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