Cieszyn

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Cieszyn Coat of Arms

Cieszyn is a town in southern Poland with 37,300 inhabitants (1995), situated in the Silesian Voivodship (since 1999), previously in Bielsko-Biala Voivodship (1975-1998). Cieszyn lies on the Olza, a tributary of the Oder river, opposite to the Cesky Tesin. The town combines both Polish and Austrian peculiarities in the style of its buildings. Because of several major fires and subsequent reconstructions (the last one in the late 18th century), the picturesque old town is sometimes called Little Vienna. The only relic of the ancient castle is a square tower, dating from the 12th century and 10th century romanesque chapel.

Contents

History

Main article: History of Cieszyn and Tesin

Cieszyn was the capital of the Duchy of Cieszyn and shared its history throughout the ages. It was at Teschen that Maria Theresa and Frederick II signed on May 13, 1779 the Teschen Peace Treaty, which put an end to the War of the Bavarian Succession.

Following the Czechoslovak invasion of Poland in January 1919 the city was divided in 1920 by the Conference of Ambassadors, a body formed by the Versailles Treaty. Its suburb of Saska Kępa became what is now the town of Český Těšín in Czech Republic.

Culture

Since 19th century the Cieszyn Silesia has been an important centre of Polish Protestantism. Currently Cieszyn is also the site of the Cieszyn Summer Film Festival, one of the most influential film festivals in Poland.

Industry

Cieszyn is an important centre of electromechanical industry. It is also the site of the Olza Cieszyn sweets factory (where the famous Prince Polo wafers are being made) and a brewery. The main source of income for most of the population is trade with nearby Czech Republic and transit through three nearby bridges at the Olza.

Sites of interest

External links

de:Teschen fr:Cieszyn pt:Cieszyn

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