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Chen Dynasty

From Academic Kids

Southern and Northern Dynasties
(420-589)
Southern Dynasties: Northern Dynasties:

Song
Qi Dynasty
Liang
Chen

Northern Wei
Eastern Wei
Western Wei
Northern Qi
Northern Zhou

Chen Dynasty 陳朝 (557-589) was the fourth and the last of the Southern dynasties in China, eliminated by the Sui Dynasty. This dynasty had very little chance of survival. The devastation of the last years of the Liang Dynasty severely crippled the Chen Dynasty. The last of the Emperors, Hou Zhou, has been described as 'drunk, dissolute, neglectful of the Great Spirits of Heaven and His Ancestors, addicted to foolish superstition and surrounded by worthless companions.' The Sui distributed pamphlets on his faults causing the population to revolt. He tried to hide with two concubines in a well but was found. Yang Jian spared him however to keep the empire unified.

Sovereigns of Chen Dynasty (557-589)
Posthumous Name Family name and given names Period of Reigns Era names and their according range of years
Convention: Chen + posthumous name
Wu Di 武帝 wu3 di4 Chen Ba Xian|陳霸先 chen2 ba4 xian1 557-559 Yongding (永定 yong3 ding4) 557-559
Wen Di 文帝 wen2 di4 Chen Qian|陳蒨 chen2 qian4 560-566 Tianjia (天嘉 tian1 jia1) 560-566
   Tiankang (天康 tian1 kang1) 566
Fei Di 廢帝 fei4 di4 Chen Bo Zong|陳伯宗 chen2 bo2 zong1 567-568 Guangda (光大 guang1 da4) 567-568
Xuan Di 宣帝 xuan1 di4 Chen Xu|陳頊 chen2 xu1 569-582 Taijian (太建 tai4 jian4) 569-582
後主 hou4 zhu3 Chen Shu Bao|陳叔寶 chen2 shu2 bao3 583-589 Zhide (至德 zhi4 de2) 583-586
   Zhenming (禎明 zhen1 ming2) 587-589

ja:陳 (南朝) fi:Chen-dynastia

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