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Cheirogaleidae

From Academic Kids

Cheirogaleids
Missing image
Katzenmaki_(Chirogaleus_furcifer).png
Masoala Fork-crowned Lemur (Phaner furcifer)


Masoala Fork-crowned Lemur (Phaner furcifer)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Primates
Suborder:Strepsirhini
Superfamily:Cheirogaleoidea
Gray, 1873
Family:Cheirogaleidae
Gray, 1873
Genera

Cheirogaleus
Microcebus
Mirza
Allocebus
Phaner

Cheirogaleidae is the family strepsirrhine primates that contains the various dwarf and mouse lemurs. Like all other lemurs, cheirogaleids live exclusively on the island of Madagascar. This is the only family in the Cheirogaleoidea superfamily.

Cheirogaleids are smaller than the other lemurs and, in fact, they are the smallest primates. They have a soft, long fur colored grey-brown to reddish on top with a generally brighter underbelly. Typically they have small ears, large, close set eyes, and long hind legs. Like all strepsirrhines they have fine claws at the second toe of the hind legs. They grow to a size of only 13 to 28 cm, with a tail that is very long, sometimes up to one and a half times as long as the body.

Dwarf and mouse lemurs are nocturnal and arboreal. They are excellent climbers and can also jump far, using their long tail for balance. When on the ground (a rare occurance) they move by hopping on their hind legs. They spend the day in tree hollows or home-made nests. Cheirogaleids are typically solitary but sometimes live together in pairs.

Some species (such as the Lesser Dwarf Lemur) store fat at the hind legs and the base of the tail and hibernate.

Cheirogaleids are omnivores, eating fruits, flowers and leaves (and sometimes nectar) as well as insects, spiders and small vertebrates.

The females usually have three pair of nipples. After a meager 60 day gestation, they will bare two to four (usually two or three) young. After five to six weeks these are weaned and become fully mature near the end of their first year or sometime in their second year, depending on the species. In human care, they can live for up to 15 years, although their life expectancy in the wild is probably significantly shorter.

Classification

fr:Cheirogaleid ja:コビトキツネザル科


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