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Cheb

From Academic Kids

Statistics
Area: 96.4 km²
Population: 33,256 (2003)
Map
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Czech_city_Cheb.png
Map of the Czech Republic highlighting Cheb

Cheb (German: Eger) is a city in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic. It is situated on the river Ohře, at the foot of one of the spurs of the Smrčiny.

Contents

History

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Cheb-main_square.JPG
Market Square in Cheb

The district of Cheb was in 870 included in the new margraviate of East Franconia, which belonged at first to the Babenbergs, but from 906 to the counts of Vohburg, who took the title of margraves of Cheb. By the marriage, in 1149, of Adela of Vohburg with the emperor Frederick I, Cheb came into the possession of the house of Swabia, and remained in the hands of the emperors until the 13th century.

In 1265 it was taken by the king Ottokar II of Bohemia, who retained it for eleven years. After being repeatedly transferred from the one power to the other, according to the preponderance of Bohemia or the empire, the town and territory were finally incorporated with Bohemia in 1350, after the Bohemian king became the emperor Charles IV. Several imperial privileges, however, continued to be enjoyed by the town till 1849. It suffered severely during the Hussite Wars, during the Swedish invasion in 1631 and 1647, and in the War of the Austrian Succession in 1742. During the Middle Ages the lands around the town were often known by the German term Egerland.

Austrian National Socialism and hence German National Socialism can trace its origins to Cheb when Franko Stein transferred a small newspaper (Der Hammer) from Vienna to Cheb in 1897. There, he organized a German workers congress called the Deutschvölkischer Arbeitertag where the 25-point program was published.

Sights

On the rock, to the N.W. of the city, lies the Cheb castle, built probably in the 12th century, and now in ruins. In the banquet room of this castle Wallenstein's officers Terzky, Kinsky, Illo and Neumann were assassinated a few hours before Wallenstein himself was murdered by Captain Devereux. The murder took place on February 25, 1634 in the townhouse, which was at that time the burgomaster's house. The rooms occupied by Wallenstein have been transformed since 1872 into a museum, which contains many historical relics and antiquities of the town of Cheb.

The handsome and imposing St Nicholas church was built in the 13th century and restored in 1892.

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