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Charles VIII of Sweden

From Academic Kids

Charles VIII of Sweden, Carl I of Norway, or Karl Knutsson (Bonde), king of Sweden (14481457, 14641465 and from 1467 to his death in 1470); king of Norway (14491450).

Karl Knutsson was born in 1409, the son of Knut (Tordsson) Bonde, knight and member of the privy council (riksråd), and died in 1470. His first marriage, in 1428, to Birgitta Turesdotter (Bielke) (died 1436) gave him the daughter Kristina. His second marriage, in 1438, to Katarina Karlsdotter (Gumsehuvud) (died in 1450) produced his second daughter Magdalena, who married Ivar Tott. He also had two children by his mistress Kristina Abrahamsdotter, Anna and Karl.

Karl Knutsson Bonde
Image:Karl Knutsson Bonde.jpg
Regency1438-1440 in Sweden
ReignJune 20, 1448-1457,


1463-1465 and
1467-May 15, 1470 in Sweden.
1449-1450 in Norway

HailedJune 28, 1448 in Sweden
CoronationNovember 20, 1449 in Norway
Royal HouseBonde
ConsortsBirgitta Turesdotter Bielke


Katarina Karlsdotter

PredecessorsEric of Pomerania in Sweden


Christopher of Bavaria in Norway

InterregnumChristopher of Bavaria


Christian I
(See List of Swedish monarchs)

SuccessorsChristian I in Norway


Christian II in Sweden

Date of Birth1408 or 1409
Date of DeathMay 15, 1470

In 1434 he became member of the Privy Council of Sweden and in October of the same year he assumed one of its most senior offices, Lord High Constable of Sweden, or Riksmarsk. Due to the growing dissatsifaction over king Eric of Pomerania among the Swedish nobility, Charles was in 1436 he was made Rikshövitsman, an office as Military Governor of the Realm and finally replacing the king as an elected regent from 1438 to 1440. Eric of Pomerania was forced to step down from the throne and Christopher of Bavaria, was elected king in the Sweden, Norway and Denmark. At the coronation of Christopher in September 1441, Charles was dubbed to knighthood and appointed Lord Chief Justice of Sweden, or Riksdrots. Already in October he resigned as Lord Chief Justice and became resumed his office as Lord High Constable and from 1442 he was the military governor, hövitsman, at Vyborg in Finland.

At the death of Christopher in 1448, he was elected king of Sweden on June 20 and on June 28 he was according to tradition hailed as the new monarch at Mora Stones, not far from Uppsala. His election as king of Sweden also resulted in an effort of trying to reestablish the Kalmar Union under Swedish initiative and in 1449 he was elected king of Norway and received the coronation at Trondheim on November 20.

See also: Engelbrekt

Preceded by:
Christopher
King of Norway Succeeded by:
Christian I
Eric XIII Regent of Sweden Christopher
Bengt and Nils Oxenstierna King of Sweden
First Reign
Jöns Oxenstierna and
Erik Tott
Christian I King of Sweden
Second Reign
Kettil Vasa
Erik Tott King of Sweden
Third Reign
Sten Sture the Elder
da:Karl Knutsson

de:Karl VIII. (Schweden) fi:Kaarle Knuutinpoika Bonde pl:Karol VIII Knutsson Bonde sv:Karl Knutsson (Bonde)

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