Celeriac

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Celeriac
Missing image
Rootveg_celery.jpg
Image:Rootveg celery.jpg


Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Apiales
Family:Apiaceae
Genus:Apium
Species:A. graveolens
Subspecies:A. g. rapaceum

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Celeriac, Apium graveolens var rapaceum (also known as 'turnip-rooted celery' or 'knob celery'), is a specially-adapted variety of celery, which is grown for its large and well-developed root rather than for the stem and leaves. The root is used when it is about 100 mm or the size a medium-sized potato. Celeriac may be used raw or fresh. It is best to peel celeriac before use, since the outer skin is tough and stringy. It has the celery flavor, so it is often used as a flavoring in soups and stews; it can also be mashed or used in casseroles and baked dishes. The hollow stalk of the upper plant can be cut into drinking straw lengths, rinsed out, and used for tomato drinks such as the Bloody Mary. The tomato juice moving through the stalk is lightly permeated with the celery flavor.

It is not as popular as it might be, especially in the western hemisphere, very possibly owing to its garish appearance before cleaning: it has been described as "a vegetable octopus", owing to the tangle of unsightly rootlets that depend from it.

There are numerous cultivars available, especially in Europe, where "root" vegetables are popular. Among the types are Prinz, Diamant, Ibis, and Kojak, which all received Royal Horticultural Society "Award of Garden Merit" designation in the year-2000 trials.

Celeriac has good keeping properties, and should last 3 to 4 months if stored between 0� and 5 �C and not allowed to dry out.

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