Catwoman

From Academic Kids

Template:Superherobox Catwoman (Selina Kyle) is a DC Comics character, associated with the Batman franchise. Created by Bill Finger and Bob Kane, she first appeared in Batman #1 (Spring, 1940). Her name derives from the ancient lunar deity Selene.

Originally, Catwoman was a catsuit-garbed burglar and adversary of Batman, but as Batman grew darker and Catwoman sexier, the two shared an attraction and Catwoman has been written, quite seriously, as a romantic interest of her one-time foe.

Catwoman's sexy mystique has meant an easy transition to live action adaptations of Batman. Several actresses, most notably Julie Newmar and Eartha Kitt, portrayed her in the 1960s Batman television series and Michelle Pfeiffer played her in 1992's Batman Returns.

In 2004, Halle Berry starred in the film Catwoman, a new adaptation that did not follow the traditional comic book character.

Comic Book History

Although originally introduced as an opponent for Batman, Catwoman's status as hero or villain is ambiguous; she has her own moral code (she abhors killing) and has occasionally teamed up with Batman and other heroes against greater threats, even saving the lives of the entire Justice League on one occasion.

She is often considered a potential romantic interest for Batman; in the 1970s DC Comics even ran an ongoing series set in a parallel universe in which Catwoman and Batman had married and had a daughter who fought crime as the Huntress.

Her costume at first appearance in the comics (at which time she was known merely as 'The Cat') had a theatrically face-covering cat-mask. Later she wore a dress with a hood that came with ears, and still later a bodysuit with attached boots and either a domino or glasses-mask. In the 1960s, the bodysuit was green in color, which was typical of villains. In the 1990s, she usually wore a skintight purple bodysuit, before switching to a black leather outfit that recalls Michelle Pfeiffer's costume in Batman Returns (see illustration). In recent years, she has usually alternated between these two costumes.

Occasional attempts have been made to feature Catwoman in her own comic book series. The most recent such series, written by Ed Brubaker, was launched in 2001 and as of 2005 is still running to great acclaim.

Adaptations in Other Media

Catwoman was at various times played by Julie Newmar, Lee Meriwether and Eartha Kitt in the Batman television series of the 1960s, and by Michelle Pfeiffer in the 1992 movie Batman Returns. In animated form, the character's voice was provided by Adrienne Barbeau in Batman: The Animated Series, and by Gina Gershon in The Batman. The character also appeared very briefly (and was actually killed off) in the first episode of the television series, Birds of Prey (in which she was portrayed by Maggie Baird), which featured Catwoman's daughter, Huntress.

Catwoman (2004) the movie was loosely based on the comics. This was a hero version of Catwoman and it starred Halle Berry as Patience Phillips (not Selina Kyle) as a Catwoman with supernatural cat-like powers. The film was heavily criticized by both film critics and fans of the comic book character, and was not a box office success.

After a near death experience, her powers are granted by the goddess Bast, through a gathering of cats lead by a Mau. The movie alludes to other women in the past who have been granted such cat like abilities. This could possibly re-explain the origin of Selina Kyle in Batman Returns, as she undergoes a similar sequence, placing her in a long tradition of cat women.

Though Phillips has the same skills as the villian version of Catwoman, the film's story has nothing to do with Batman.

Influences

One of the recurring villains in the cartoon Xiaolin Showdown was called Kat-nappe and was similar to Catwoman in appearance.de:Catwoman (Comic) fr:Catwoman (Batman) ja:キャットウーマン

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