Canadian federal election, 1997

From Academic Kids

Template:Election canada

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36th Parliament

The Canadian federal election of 1997 was held on June 2, 1997, to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. Jean Chrétien's Liberal Party of Canada won a second majority government. The Reform Party of Canada replaced the Bloc Québécois as the Official Opposition.

The election closely reflected the pattern that had been set out in the 1993 election. The Liberals swept Ontario, a divided Bloc managed a reduced majority in Quebec, and much of the west was won by Reform, particularly its Alberta base, enabling the Reform to overtake the Bloc as the largest opposition party. The major change was that the New Democratic Party (NDP) and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada all but wiped out the Liberals in the Maritimes. Maritime voters, upset over cuts to employment insurance and other programs, defeated two cabinet ministers. David Dingwall, Minister of Public Works from Nova Scotia, and Doug Young, Minister of National Defence from New Brunswick, both lost to NDP candidates in a major blow to the Liberals. Chretien's decision to hold an early election (one of the shorter mandates when a majority government called an election) did not help, while Manitoba was still recovering from a devestating Red River Flood earlier in the year.

Commentators on election night even predicting a minority government, although the Liberals were secure in forming the next administration due to a divided opposition. Because of losses in the Maritimes, the Liberal majority was reduced considerably from the 1993 total. Mostly because of these wins in the Maritimes, Jean Charest's Tories and Alexa McDonough's NDP both regained official party status in the House of Commons. Independent member John Nunziata, who had been expelled from the Liberal Party for opposing the GST, was re-elected in his riding in Toronto.

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Popular Vote map with Bar graphs showing the seats won in the provinces and territories.







Contents

National results

Voter turnout was 67.0%, one of the lowest federal election turnouts ever.

Party Party Leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular Vote
1993 Dissolution Elected % Change # % Change

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Liberal Jean Chrétien 301 177 174 155 -12.4% 4,994,277 38.46% -2.78%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Reform/row

Reform Preston Manning 227 52 50 60 +15.4% 2,513,080 19.35% +0.66%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/BQ/row

Bloc Québécois Gilles Duceppe 75 54 50 44 -18.5% 1,385,821 10.67% -2.85%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/NDP/row

New Democratic Alexa McDonough 301 9 9 21 +133.3% 1,434,509 11.05% +4.17%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Progressive Conservative Jean Charest 301 2 2 20 +900% 2,446,705 18.84% +2.80%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Green/row

Green Joan Russow 79 - - - - 55,583 0.43% +0.18%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Natural Law/row

Natural Law Neil Paterson 136 - - - - 37,085 0.29% +x

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Christian Heritage/row

Christian Heritage Ron Gray 53 - - - - 29,085 0.22% +x

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Canadian Action/row

Canadian Action Paul T. Hellyer 58 * - - * 17,502 0.13% *

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Marxist-Leninist/row

Marxist-Leninist Hardial Bains 65 - - - - 11,468 0.09% +0.05%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent 71 - 6 1   34,507 0.46% -0.10%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

No Affiliation 5 - - - - 26,252 0.01% -0.08%
     Vacant 4  
Total 1,672 295 295 301 +2.03% 12,985,974 100%  
Sources: http://www.elections.ca History of Federal Ridings since 1867 (http://www.parl.gc.ca/information/about/process/house/hfer/hfer.asp?Language=E)

Notes:

  • Party did not nominate candidates in the previous election.

x - less than 0.005% of the popular vote

Results by province

Party Name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL NT YK Total

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Liberal Seats: 6 2 1 6 101 26 3   4 4 2   155

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Popular Vote: 28.8 24.0 24.7 34.3 49.5 36.7 32.9 28.4 44.8 37.9 43.1 22.0 38.5

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Reform/row

Reform Seats: 25 24 8 3                 60

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Reform/row

Vote: 43.1 54.6 36.0 23.7 19.1 0.3 13.1 9.7 1.5 2.5 11.7 25.3 19.4

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/BQ/row

Bloc Québécois Seats:           44             44

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/BQ/row

Vote:           37.9             10.7

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/NDP/row

New Democratic Seats: 3   5 4     2 6       1 21

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/NDP/row

Vote: 18.2 5.7 30.9 23.2 10.7 2.0 18.4 30.4 15.1 22.0 20.9 28.9 8.5

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Progressive Conservative Seats:       1 1 5 5 5   3     20

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Vote: 6.2 14.4 7.8 17.8 18.8 22.2 35.0 30.8 38.3 36.8 16.7 13.9 18.8

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Other Seats:         1               1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Vote: 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.6 0.4   0.4   0.5 7.6 8.9 0.5
Total seats: 34 26 14 14 101 75 10 11 4 7 2 1 301
Parties that won no seats:

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Green/row

Green Vote: 2.0 0.4     0.4 0.1       0.2     0.4

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Natural Law/row

Natural Law Vote: 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.2     0.3

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Christian Heritage/row

Christian Heritage Vote: 0.4 0.1   0.4 0.4       0.2     1.0 0.2

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Canadian Action/row

Canadian Action Vote:     0.3   0.2               0.1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Marxist-Leninist/row

Marxist-Leninist Vote: 0.1     0.2 0.1 0.1             0.1

Source: Elections Canada (http://www.elections.ca/content.asp?section=gen&document=res_table09&dir=rep/dec3097&lang=e&textonly=false)

Notes

  • 1997 was one of only two elections in Canadian history (the other was 1993) where the official Opposition did not have the majority of the opposition's seats. 60 seats for the Reform Party, yet 86 seats for the other opposition parties and independents combined.

10 closest ridings

  1. Sackville—Eastern Shore, NS: Peter Stoffer, NDP def. Ken Streatch, PC by 41 votes
  2. Bellechasse—Etchemins—Montmagny—L'Islet, QC: Gilbert Normand, Lib def. François Langlois, BQ by 47 votes
  3. Selkirk—Interlake, MB: Howard Hilstrom, Ref def. Jon Gerrard, Lib by 66 votes
  4. Cardigan, PE: Lawrence MacAulay, Lib def. Dan Hughes, PC by 99 votes
  5. Bonaventure—Gaspé—Îles-de-la-Madeleine—Pabok, QC: Yvan Bernier, BQ def. Patrick Gagnon, Lib by 179 votes
  6. Saskatoon—Humboldt, SK: Jim Pankiw, Ref def. Dennis Gruending, NDP by 220 votes
  7. Humber—St. Barbe—Baie Verte, NF: Gerry Byrne, Lib def. Art Bull, PC by 232 votes
  8. Chicoutimi, QC: André Harvey, PC def. Gilbert Fillion, BQ by 317 votes
  9. Frontenac—Mégantic, QC: Jean-Guy Chrétien, BQ def. Manon Lecours, Lib by 465 votes
  10. Simcoe—Grey, ON: Paul Bonwick, Lib def. Paul Shaw, Ref by 481 votes

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