Canadian federal election, 1963

From Academic Kids

Template:Election canada

The Canadian parliament after the 1963 election
Enlarge
The Canadian parliament after the 1963 election

The Canadian federal election of 1963 was held to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. It resulted in the defeat of the minority Progressive Conservative (Tory) government of John Diefenbaker.

During the Tories' last year in office, members of the Diefenbaker's Cabinet attempt to remove him from the leadership of the party, and therefore from the Prime Minister's office. In addition to concern within the party about Diefenbaker's mercurial style of leadership, there had been a serious split in party ranks over the issue of stationing American nuclear missiles (see Bomarc missile) on Canadian soil. Diefenbaker and his allies opposed this proposal, while many other Conservatives and the opposition Liberal Party were in favour. Minister of National Defence Douglas Harkness resigned from Cabinet on February 4, 1963, because of Diefenbaker's opposition to accepting the missiles. The next day, the government lost two non-confidence motions on the issue, prompting the election.

The Liberal Party of Lester Pearson ran on a platform promising that, if elected, they would begin their term with "60 Days of Decision" on questions such as introducing a new Canadian flag, reforming health care, and a public pension plan, along with other legislative reforms.

Despite winning 41% of the vote, which is usually sufficient for ensuring the election of a majority government, the Liberals fell seven seats short of their target. The Liberals formed a minority government that was dependent on the support of the social democratic New Democratic Party (NDP) in order to pass legislation.

The NDP had been formed in 1961 by another social democratic party, the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, and by the Canadian Labour Congress. The 1963 election was the second vote contested by the NDP. The party won slightly fewer votes, and two fewer seats, than they had received in the 1962 election. They were again disappointed by the failure of their new partnership with the labour movement to produce an electoral breakthrough, particularly in the province of Ontario, which has the largest population and the largest number of seats in the House of Commons.

Social Credit was unable to increase its representation in western Canada, and lost four of its Quebec seats. The continuing lop-sided result led to a split in the party when Thompson refused to step aside so that Caouette could become party leader. Caouette and his followers left the Social Credit Party to sit as a separate social credit caucus, the Ralliement des créditistes.

National results

Party Party Leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular Vote
1962 Elected % Change # % % Change

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Liberal Lester Pearson 265 99 128 +29.3% 3,276,995 41.52% +4.55%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Progressive Conservative John Diefenbaker 265 116 93 -18.1% 2,582,322 32.72% -4.50%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Social Credit/row

Social Credit R.N. Thompson 224 30 24 -20.0% 940,703 11.92% +0.32%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/NDP/row

New Democratic Tommy Douglas 232 19 17 -10.5% 1,044,701 13.24% -0.33%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Liberal-Labour
1 1 1 - 16,794 0.21% +0.01%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Liberal 6 - - - 14,658 0.19% +0.05%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent 9 - - - 5,236 0.07% -0.04%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Communist/row

Communist Leslie Morris 12 - - - 4,234 0.05% -0.03%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent PC 2 - - - 1,965 0.02% -0.01%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Conservative 2 * - * 1,159 0.01% *

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Ouvrier indépendant   1 - - - 1,064 0.01% +0.01%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Social Credit 2 * - * 717 0.01% *

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Nationalist   1 * - * 540 0.01% *

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Candidat libéral des electeurs   1 - - - 496 0.01% -0.02%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Socialist Labour   1 * - * 43 x *
Total 1,023 265 265 - 7,891,627 100%  
Sources: http://www.elections.ca History of Federal Ridings since 1867 (http://www.parl.gc.ca/information/about/process/house/hfer/hfer.asp?Language=E)

Notes:

* The party did not nominate candidates in the previous election.

x - less than 0.005% of the popular vote

Results by province

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row
Party Name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL NW YK Total

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Liberal Seats: 7 1 - 2 51 47 6 5 2 7 - - 128

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Popular Vote: 32.3 22.1 24.1 33.8 45.8 45.6 47.3 46.7 46.4 64.5 41.0 43.2 41.5

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Progressive Conservative Seats: 4 14 17 10 27 8 4 7 2 - 1 1 95

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Vote: 23.4 45.3 53.7 42.3 35.0 19.5 40.4 46.9 52.0 30.1 49.6 56.8 32.7

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Social Credit/row

Social Credit Seats: 2 2 - - - 20 - -     -   24

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Social Credit/row

Vote: 13.3 25.8 3.9 7.0 2.0 27.3 8.6 0.1     9.4   11.9

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/NDP/row

New Democratic Seats: 9 - - 2 6 - - - - -     17

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/NDP/row

Vote: 30.3 6.5 18.2 16.7 16.2 7.1 3.7 6.4 1.6 4.2     13.2

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Liberal-Labour Seats:         1               1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Vote:         0.6               0.2
Total seats: 22 17 17 14 85 75 10 12 4 7 1 1 265
Parties that won no seats:
Independent Liberal Vote:         0.3 0.1       1.3     0.2

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Vote: xx 0.1 xx 0.2 xx 0.1             0.1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Communist/row

Communist Vote: 0.1 0.1 0.1   0.1 xx             0.1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent PC Vote:         xx 0.1             xx

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Conservative Vote:         xx               xx

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Ouvrier Indépendant Vote:           0.1             xx

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Social Credit Vote:           xx             xx

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Nationalist Vote:           xx             xx

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

C. l. des electeurs Vote:           xx             xx

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Socialist Labour Vote:           xx             xx

xx - less than 0.05% of the popular vote

Template:Sequence
Navigation

Academic Kids Menu

  • Art and Cultures
    • Art (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Art)
    • Architecture (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Architecture)
    • Cultures (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Cultures)
    • Music (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Music)
    • Musical Instruments (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/List_of_musical_instruments)
  • Biographies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Biographies)
  • Clipart (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Clipart)
  • Geography (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Geography)
    • Countries of the World (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Countries)
    • Maps (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Maps)
    • Flags (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Flags)
    • Continents (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Continents)
  • History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History)
    • Ancient Civilizations (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Ancient_Civilizations)
    • Industrial Revolution (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Industrial_Revolution)
    • Middle Ages (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Middle_Ages)
    • Prehistory (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Prehistory)
    • Renaissance (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Renaissance)
    • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
    • United States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/United_States)
    • Wars (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Wars)
    • World History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History_of_the_world)
  • Human Body (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Human_Body)
  • Mathematics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Mathematics)
  • Reference (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Reference)
  • Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Science)
    • Animals (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Animals)
    • Aviation (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Aviation)
    • Dinosaurs (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Dinosaurs)
    • Earth (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Earth)
    • Inventions (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Inventions)
    • Physical Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Physical_Science)
    • Plants (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Plants)
    • Scientists (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Scientists)
  • Social Studies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Social_Studies)
    • Anthropology (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Anthropology)
    • Economics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Economics)
    • Government (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Government)
    • Religion (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Religion)
    • Holidays (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Holidays)
  • Space and Astronomy
    • Solar System (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Solar_System)
    • Planets (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Planets)
  • Sports (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Sports)
  • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
  • Weather (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Weather)
  • US States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/US_States)

Information

  • Home Page (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php)
  • Contact Us (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Contactus)

  • Clip Art (http://classroomclipart.com)
Toolbox
Personal tools