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Cairo Metro

From Academic Kids

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Map of the Cairo Metro

The Cairo Metro in Egypt is Africa's only full-fledged metro system. The system currently consists of two operational lines, with a third in an advanced stage of planning.

The metro is run by the National Authority for Tunnels. The line gauge is 1435 mm. Ticket price is EGP 0.75 for each ride (as of January 2005, EUR 0.10 or USD 0.13), regardless of distance. On all Cairo metros, the first car of each train is reserved for women.

Contents

Line 1

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Mar Girgis station (Line 1)

Line One (the red line) opened in 1987 after the joining of two existing above-ground lines with a large underground section through the city center. (Because of this, it is sometimes referred to as the "Regional Line".) The line runs a total of 43.5 km (27 miles) with 3 km (1.8 miles) underground, serves 33 stations, and has an a 60,000 hourly passenger capacity per direction. Sometimes known as the "French-Built Line", this metro runs from the industrial Helwan area in the south to El-Marg downtown. It is mostly above ground, but has the downtown section in below ground.

Line 2

Cairo's metro network was greatly expanded in the mid-1990s with the building of Line Two (yellow), from Shoubra to Cairo University. Extending 19 km (11.8 miles) with 18 stations, it is sometimes called the "Japanese-Built Line" and includes the first underground crossing of the Nile. Line Two, which opened in four stages starting in October 1996 and finishing in 2000, has also been extended to Giza. It is mostly in bored tunnel, with two exceptions: a short section at the northern end approaching Shubra El-Kheima, which is elevated, and a section just south of this by cut-and-cover. The main difference between Line 1 and two is that Line 1 is overhead line while Line No.2 is Third-rail system.

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Inside Metro Ataba (Line 2)

Plans

Four more lines are proposed — all with the goal of reducing Cairo's chronic road congestion — with Line Three (green) from Imbaba to al-Hazar, and eventually to Cairo International Airport at Heliopolis. Line Four is expected to go from the southwest at Al Ahram to the east at Nasr City; Line Five is planned as a half-circular line connecting all the other lines, from Nasr City to Port Said Street and Shubra El Kheima; and Line 6 is to be a north-south line from Shubra to Maadi.

See also

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