Boletales

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Boletales
Missing image
Boletinus_cavipes_yellow_variety.jpg



Boletinus cavipes
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Fungi
Division:Basidiomycota
Class:Homobasidiomycetes
Order:Boletales
Families

   Boletaceae
   Coniophoraceae
   Gomphidiaceae
   Melanogastraceae
   Gomphidiaceae
   Gyroporaceae
   Paxillaceae
   Sclerodermataceae

Boletes, the best known members of the order Boletales are mushrooms characterized by holding their spores in a spongy mass of vertical tubes (pores) on the underside of the mushroom, instead of on gills (as are found in agarics). Boletes belong to the botanical families Boletaceae and Gyroporaceae, the latter small group previously not having been separated.

The order also includes some gilled mushrooms (Paxillus, Gomphidius, ...) which have the same flesh texture as the Boletes, spore-bearing tissue which is also easily separable from the cap, and similar microscopic characteristics of spores and cystidia.

The order Boletales has about 70 species (0,4% of the described homobasidiomycetes).

The polypores (order Polyporales) are similar to Boletales in that their spore-bearing structures consist of a layer of vertical tubes. However their flesh has a much tougher consistency and they are not closely related taxonomically.

Links

The Boletes ("Boletales") (http://www.mushroomexpert.com/boletales.html)lt:Baravykiečiai

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