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Beta (letter)

From Academic Kids

Greek alphabet
Α α Alpha Β β Beta
Γ γ Gamma Δ δ Delta
Ε ε Epsilon Ζ ζ Zeta
Η η Eta Θ θ Theta
Ι ι Iota Κ κ Kappa
Λ λ Lambda Μ μ Mu
Ν ν Nu Ξ ξ Xi
Ο ο Omicron Π π Pi
Ρ ρ Rho Σ σ Sigma
Τ τ Tau Υ υ Upsilon
Φ φ Phi Χ χ Chi
Ψ ψ Psi Ω ω Omega
obsolete letters
[[Digamma|Template:Polytonic Digamma]] [[San (letter)|Template:Polytonic San]]
[[Qoppa|Template:Polytonic Qoppa]] [[Sampi|Template:Polytonic Sampi]]

Beta (upper case Β, lower case β) is the second letter of the Greek alphabet. It seems to have come from the Phoenician word "beth" that means "house" or "tent". The shape of B represented that thing itself (tent), the usual house of the Semites. In the Ancient Greek language, it was pronounced , but in Modern Greek is pronounced . In the system of Greek numerals it has a value of 2. Beta should not be confused with a similar-looking but unrelated letter in German language orthography, , which denotes a long "s" sound.

Beta is the second highest caste in Aldous Huxley's dystopic satire Brave New World.

The lower-case letter β is used as the symbol for:

The Modern Greek name of the letter is . The American pronunciation is whereas the British pronunciation is . See: American and British English differences, IPA

Letters that arose from Beta include the Roman B and the Cyrillic letters Be and Ve.

The Chinese radical Fu (阝) looks almost identical.

ca:Beta da:Beta (bogstav) de:Beta el:Βήτα es:Beta fi:Beeta fr:Beta ja:Β nl:Beta (letter) la:Beta pl:Beta pt:Beta sv:Beta

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