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This article is about the first Battle of Nördlingen fought in 1634 in Germany as part of the Thirty Years War. See also Battle of Nördlingen (1645)


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Prelude

After the Protestant victory at Lützen, Germany, two years before, the Swedes failed to follow up their victory due to the death of their King, Gustavus Adolphus. As a result, the Imperial forces regained the initiative. In 1634 they occupied the town of Regensburg. Threatening to advance further into Saxony, they started to besiege Nördlingen. The Protestants realized they had to make some attempt to relieve the town, and planned a night attack.

Battle

The Protestants' intended assault went wrong when their forces got cluttered up with artillery and supply wagons in front of the infantry. This gave the imperial forces time to prepare. Swedish infantry ended up in an unsupported attack on the Imperial positions. Nevertheless they pushed on and succeeded in driving back one Imperial flank. The Imperial commander responded by a co-ordinated attack on the Saxon lines, which broke and collapsed. Horn was captured, and the Protestant allies lost 12,000 to 14,000 men.

Aftermath

This battle marked the end of Swedish intervention in the Thirty Years War. With Imperial forces threatening dominance in Germany, France stepped in.de:Schlacht bei Nördlingen fr:Bataille de Nördlingen (1634) sv:Slaget vid Nördlingen he:קרב נורדלינגן (1634)

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