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The Bahá'í calendar, common to the Bahá'í Faith, is a solar calendar with regular years 365 days long and leap years 366 days long as explained within the Kitáb-i-Aqdas. Years are composed of 19 months of 19 days each, plus an extra period of "Intercalary Days" (4 in regular and 5 in leap years) between the 18th and 19th months (26 February to 1 March). Years in the Bahá'í calendar begin at the vernal equinox (usually March 21 in the Gregorian calendar). Days begin at sunset on the previous solar day and end at sunset of the present solar day.

Contents

History

The Bahá'í calendar started from the original Badi` calendar, created by the Báb. Bahá'u'lláh confirmed and adopted this calendar and made Naw Ruz or the vernal equinox (which can be on the 20th, 21st, or 22nd of March) the first day of the year, and also clarified the interacalary days.

For the time being Shoghi Effendi the first Guardian of the Baha'i Faith declared that the Badi calendar is 'locked' to the Gregorian calendar with the new year always starting at sunset on 20 March. Without this, the calendar could vary by a day or two when compared to the Gregorian calendar. The implementation of the variable calendar with respect to the beginning of Naw Ruz will require the Universal House of Justice selecting a single location for the fixing of the date of the equinox [1] (http://bahai-library.com/provisionals/aqdas/aqdas043.notes.html). This 'locked' calendar described on this article.

Years in the Bahá'í calendar are counted from 21 March, 1844, the beginning of the Bahá'í Era or Badi` Era (abbreviated BE). Thus, year 1 BE was from 21 March 1844 to 20 March 1845.

Bahá'í Months

Arabic Name English Translation Gregorian Dates
Bahá' Splendour 21 March-April 8
Jalál Glory 9 April-27 April
Jamál Beauty 28 April- 16 May
`Azamah Grandeur 17 May- 4 June
Núr Light 5 June- 23 June
Rahmah Mercy 24 June- 12 July
Kalimát Words 13 July- 31 July
Kamál Perfection 1 August- 19 August
Asmá` Names 20 August- 7 September
`Izzah Might 8 September- 26 September
Mashiyyah Will 27 September- 15 October
`Ilm Knowledge 16 October- 3 November
Qudrah Power 4 November- 22 November
Qawl Speech 23 November- 11 December
Masá'il Questions 12 December- 30 December
Sharaf Honour 31 December- 18 January
Sultán Sovereignty 19 January- 6 February
Mulk Dominion 7 February- 25 February
Ayyám-i-Há' Intercalary Days 26 February- 1 March
`Alá Loftiness 2 March- 20 March (month of fasting)

Bahá'í Holy Days

Name Gregorian Dates Work Suspended
Naw-Rúz (Bahá'í New Year) March 21 Yes
First day of Ridván April 21 Yes
Ninth day of Ridván April 29 Yes
Twelfth day of Ridván May 2 Yes
Declaration of the Báb May 23 Yes
Ascension of Bahá'u'lláh May 29 Yes
Martyrdom of the Báb July 9 Yes
Birth of the Báb October 20 Yes
Birth of Bahá'u'lláh November 12 Yes
Day of the Covenant November 26 No
Ascension of `Abdu'l-Bahá November 28 No

The Days of the Week

Arabic Name English Translation Day of the Week
Jalál Glory Saturday
Jamál Beauty Sunday
Kamál Perfection Monday
Fidál Grace Tuesday
`Idál Justice Wednesday
Istijlál Majesty Thursday
Istiqlál Independence Friday

Wáhid and Kull-i-Shay'

Also existing in the Bahá'í calendar system is a 19-year cycle called Wáhid and a 361-year (19x19) supercycle called Kull-i-Shay' (literally, "All Things"). The 9th Wáhid of the 1st Kull-i-Shay' started in 1996. The 2nd Kull-i-Shay' will begin on 21 March 2205. (Years are counted from 1844.)

Years in a Wáhid:

No. Arabic Name English Translation
1 Alif A
2 Bá' B
3 Ab Father
4 Dál D
5 Báb Gate
6 Wáw W
7 Abad Eternity
8 Jád Generosity
9 Bahá' Splendour
10 Hubb Love
11 Bahháj Delightful
12 Jawáb Answer
13 Ahad Single
14 Wahháb Bountiful
15 Widád Affection
16 Badí Beginning
17 Bahí Luminous
18 Abhá Most Luminous
19 Wáhid Unity

See also

This article is related to: The Bahá'í Faith edit (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Bahai&action=edit)
Central Figures: The Báb Bahá'u'lláh `Abdu'l-Bahá Shoghi Effendi
Institutions: Universal House of Justice, Bahá'í House of Worship
Individuals: Táhirih, List of Bahá'ís
Holy Cities Haifa, Shiraz, Baghdad, Akko
Topics: Kitáb-i-Íqán, Kitáb-i-Aqdas, Qiblih, Bahá'í calendar

de:Baha'i-Kalender io:Bahá'u'lláh-kalendario no:Bahaikalender sv:Bahaikalendern

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