Australian Mounted Division

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This article is part of the
Anzac series.
Military History

Australia | New Zealand

Expeditionary Forces

AIF | NZEF

Corps

ANZAC | I Anzac | II Anzac
Australian | Desert Mounted

Divisions

Aus 1st | 2nd | 3rd | 4th | 5th
NZ & Aus | New Zealand
Anzac Mounted | Aus Mounted

The Australian Mounted Division was a mounted infantry (light horse) division formed in Egypt during World War I. When the British forces in the Middle East expanded in late 1916, a second mounted division was created called the Imperial Mounted Division. It originally comprised the Australian 3rd Light Horse Brigade (from the Anzac Mounted Division) and the reconstituted Australian 4th Light Horse Brigade as well as two British mounted brigades. After protests from the Australian government, the division was renamed in June 1917 when one of the British brigades was detached.

Contents

Unit history

During the First Battle of Gaza, the division (as the Imperial Mounted Division) provided protection from counter-attack on the eastern flank while the main infantry assault was underway. The brigades became the rearguard during the withdrawal from Gaza after the attack was called off.

Formation

The core brigades of the division were:

Australian 3rd Light Horse Brigade 
Australian 4th Light Horse Brigade 
  • 4th Light Horse Regiment (Victoria)
  • 11th Light Horse Regiment (Queensland and South Australia)
  • 12th Light Horse Regiment (New South Wales)
British 5th Mounted (Yeomanry) Brigade 

Originally the division also contained the British 6th Mounted Brigade. In mid-1918 the British 5th Mounted Brigade was detached and the Australian 5th Light Horse Brigade (containing the 14th and 15th Light Horse Regiments as well as a French cavalry regiment) joined the division.

Battles

Jerusalem, Syria.

External links

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