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Australian Antarctic Territory

From Academic Kids

The Australian Antarctic Territory (AAT) is the part of Antarctica claimed by Australia. It consists of all the islands and territory south of 60° S and between 44°38' E and 160° E, except for Adélie Land (136°11' E to 142°02' E), which divides the territory into Western AAT (the larger portion) and Eastern AAT. It is bounded by Dronning Maud Land in the West and by Ross Dependency in the East. The area is estimated at 6,119,818 km2. The territory is uninhabited, except for the staff of research stations. The main station is Mawson Station.

Contents

Subdivisions

The territory is divided into nine districts, which are from West to East:

No. DistrictArea (km2)Western BorderEastern Border
1Enderby Land 044°38' E056°25' E
2Kemp Land 056°25' E059°34' E
3MacRobertson Land 059°34' E072°35' E
4Princess Elizabeth Land 072°35' E087°43' E
5Wilhelm II Land 087°43' E091°54' E
6Queen Mary Land 091°54' E100°30' E
7Wilkes Land 2,600,000100°30' E136°11' E
8George V Land 142°02' E153°45' E
9Oates Land 153°45' E160°00' E
AUSTRALIAN ANTARCTIC TERRITORY6,119,818044°38' E160°00' E

Stations

Active and closed stations in the territory, from West to East:

StationLatitudeLongitudeDistrict
Molodezhnaya (Russian) (closed)67°40'00.1" S45°51'00.0" EEnderby Land
Mawson Station67°36' 09.7" S62°52' 25.7" EMacRobertson Land (Mawson Coast)
Soyuz (Russian) (closed)70°35' S68°47' EMacRobertson Land (Lars Christensen Land)
Druznaya (Russian) (closed)69°44'S72°42'EPrincess Elizabeth Land (Ingrid Christensen Land)
Zhongshan (Chinese)69°22'S76°22'EPrincess Elizabeth Land (Ingrid Christensen Land)
Progress (Russian)69°23' S76°23' EPrincess Elizabeth Land (Ingrid Christensen Land)
Davis Station68°34'35.8" S77°58'02.6" EPrincess Elizabeth Land (Ingrid Christensen Land)
Platcha68°30'41.8" S78°30'43.6" EPrincess Elizabeth Land (Ingrid Christensen Land)
Mirny (Russian)66°33'00.0" S93°01'00.1" EQueen Mary Land
Komsomolskaya (Russian) (closed)74°05' S97°29' EQueen Mary Land
Vostok (Russian)78°28' S106°48'EWilkes Land (Knox Land)
Wilkes Station (closed)66°15'25.6" S110°31'32.2" EWilkes Land (Budd Land)
Casey Station66°16'54.5" S110°31'39.4" EWilkes Land (Budd Land)
Concordia Station (Dome C) (international)75°06S123°23'EWilkes Land (Banzare Land)
Leningradskaya (Russian) (closed)69°30'00.0" S159°22'59.9" EOates Land

History

Victoria Land was first claimed for Britain on 9 January 1841 and Britain claimed Enderby Land in 1930. In 1933, a British imperial order transfered territory south of 60° S and between meridans 160 W and 45 W to Australia. The borders with Adélie Land were fixed definitively in 1938. In 1947, Britain transferred Heard Island and McDonald Islands, and Macquarie Island to the territory. On 11 February 1954, Mawson Station was established as the first Australian station on the continent proper. However, since Australia's signature of the Antarctic Treaty, territorial claims are effectively suspended, and the Australian Antarctic Division administers the area, primarily by supporting various research projects.

Postage stamps

Missing image
Cover_AAT_1959.jpg
This 1959 cover commemorated the opening of the Wilkes post office.

Nevertheless, Australia issues postage stamps for the territory. The first issues came in 1957, and sporadically thereafter, settling into a pattern of an annual issue by the 1990s. All have been Antarctic-themed, and all are valid for postage in Australia, so in practice they are just Australian stamps with a different inscription.


External links


de:Australisches Antarktis-Territorium

es:Territorio Antártico Australiano eo:Aŭstralia Antarkta Teritorio nl:Australisch Antarctisch Territorium pl:Australijskie Terytorium Antarktyczne

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