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Association of Tennis Professionals

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The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) was formed in 1972 to protect the interests of male professional Tennis players. (Female players formed the Women's Tennis Association the year after.) In 1990, the association became the organizer of the principal worldwide tennis tour, thereafter known as the ATP Tour.

Contents

ATP Structure

Chief Executive Officer of the ATP

ATP Chairman

ATP Board of Directors

Tournament categories

The ATP at present has five categories of tennis tournaments belonging to its tour:

1 Grand Slam events

2 ATP Tournaments (Tennis Masters Cup, World Doubles Championship, World Team Championship, Tennis Masters Series Tournaments, International Series Gold Tournaments, International Series Tournaments)

3 Challenger Tournaments

4 Satellite Series Circuits

5 Futures Tournaments


The following table further provides structural details for ATP tour tennis:

Event Category No. Events in 2004 Prize Money Governing Body
Grand Slams 4 6,700,000 to 8,300,000 ITF
ATP Championships (Tennis Masters Cup and World Team) 2 2,100,000 to 4,450,000 ATP
ATP Masters Series 9 2,450,000 to 3,450,000 ATP
ATP Intl. Series Gold 9 615,000 to 1,000,000 ATP
ATP Intl Series 44 333,000 to 1,000,000 ATP
ATP Challenger Series 146 25,000 to 150,000 ATP & ITF
Satellites 29 25,000 t0 75,000 ATP & ITF
Futures 356 10,000 and 15,000 ATP & ITF

(*}Satellite Circuits are four weeks in length, consisting of three separate tournaments and a Masters. The prize money listed is the total available on the circuit.

Rankings

ATP Race

The ATP defines the ATP Race as "an easy-to-understand, simple-to-follow annual race from season start to season end. Every player starts at zero at the beginning of the year and the player who accumulates the most points by season's end is the World Number 1" and claims that the Race "is the mathematical method of ranking male professional tennis players on a calendar-year basis."

According to the ATP: "Every player, regardless of his performances in the previous year, starts with zero points. Players count 18 performances in their INDESIT ATP 2005 Race total. Players eligible to enter the Grand Slams and Tennis Masters Series events must count those events and their best five other results from the International Series events. The Tennis Masters Cup will count as an additional 19th tournament for the eight players who qualify."

ATP Race points distribution

Tournament Category Total Financial
commitment
W F SF QF R16 R32 R64 R128 Additional
qualifying points
Grand Slam 200 140 90 50 30 15 7 1 3
Tennis Masters Series 100 70 45 25 15 7 1(3) (1) 3*
International Series Gold $1,000,000 60 42 27 15 5 3 1 2*
International Series Gold $800,000 50 35 22 12 5 3 1 2*
International Series $1,000,000 50 35 22 12 5 3 1 2*
International Series $800,000 45 31 20 11 4 2 1 2*
International Series $600,000 40 28 18 10 3 1 1
International Series $400,000 35 24 15 8 3 1 1
Tennis Masters Cup 150 if undefeated (20 for each round robin match win,
+40 for a semifinal win, +50 for the final win)

(*) 1 point only if the Main Draw is larger than 32 (International Series) or 64 (Tennis Masters Series)

List of ATP Race champions

ATP Entry Ranking

The ATP defines the ATP Entry Ranking as "the objective merit-based method used for determining qualification for entry and seeding in all Tournaments for both singles and doubles, except as modified for World Team Championship, World Doubles Championship and Tennis Masters Cup...The Entry Ranking period is the immediate past 52 weeks, except for: the Tennis Masters Cup, which is dropped on the Monday following the last ATP event of the following year; Futures Series Tournaments, that are only entered into the System on the second Monday following the Tournament's week. Once entered, all Tournaments, except for the Tennis Masters Cup, remain in the System for 52 consecutive weeks."

The ATP explains that the reason behind continuing with a 52-week rolling system is "to determine seedings and tournament entry status, it is not practical to use the INDESIT ATP 2005 Race. The Race, while indicating the hottest players in the game at any stage, does not necessarily indicate an overall standing in the game. This is especially valid at the start of the year when early tournament winners may well be leading the Race but are not yet established top players for the purposes of seeding and tournament entry."

ATP Entry Ranking points distribution

Tournament Category Total Financial
commitment
W F SF QF R16 R32 R64 R128 Additional
qualifying points
Grand Slam 1000 700 450 250 150 75 35 5 15
Tennis Masters Series 500 350 225 125 75 35 5(15) (5) 15*
International Series Gold $1,000,000 300 210 135 75 25 15 5 10*
International Series Gold $800,000 250 175 110 60 25 15 5 10*
International Series $100,000 250 175 110 60 25 15 5 10*
International Series $800,000 225 155 100 55 20 10 5 10*
International Series $600,000 200 140 90 50 15 5 5
International Series $400,000 175 120 75 40 15 5 5
Challenger $150,000+H 100 70 45 23 10 2 3
Challenger $150,000 90 63 40 21 9 1 3
Challenger $125,000 80 56 36 19 8 1 3
Challenger $100,000 70 49 31 16 7 1 3
Challenger $75,000 60 42 27 14 6 1 3
Challenger $37,500+H 55 38 24 13 5 1 2
Challenger $50,000 50 35 22 12 5 1 2
Futures $15,000+H 24 16 8 4 1
Futures $15,000 18 12 6 3 1
Futures $10,000 12 8 4 2 1
Tennis Masters Cup 750 if undefeated (20 for each round robin match win,
+40 for a semifinal win, +50 for the final win)

+H: Any Challenger or Futures providing hospitality shall receive the points of the next highest prize money level in that category. $/€ 25,000+H Challengers receive points shown at$/€ 50,000. Monies shown for Challengers and Futures are on-site prize amounts.

(*): 5 points only if the Main Draw is larger than 32 (International Series) or 64 (Tennis Masters Series).

Losers

In addition to the points allocated above, points are allocated to losers at Grand Slam, Tennis Masters Series and International Series Gold Tournaments qualifying events in the following manner:

  • Grand Slams: 8 points for a last round loser, 4 points for a second round loser
  • Tennis Masters Series: 8 points for a last round loser(*), 1 point for a first round loser
  • International Series Gold: 5 points for a last round loser(*), 1 point for a first round loser,

(*): 3 points only if the Main Draw is larger than 32 (International Series Gold) or 64 (Tennis Masters Series)

Satellites

For satellite tournaments, the following points are awarded based on the final Circuit standings:

  • For Total Prize Money $25,000-49,999: Winner: 6, Runner-up: 3
  • For Total Prize Money 50,000-74,999: Winner: 8, Runner-up: 4
  • For Total Prize Money 75,000-99,999: Winner: 10, Runner-up: 5

List of number one players on the ATP Entry Ranking

The following is a list of players who have achieved the number one position in singles since the ranking's inception in 1973:

# Player Country Date Reached Age Weeks
1 Ilie Nastase Romania 23 August 1973 27y 1m 40
2 John Newcombe Australia 3 June 1974 30y 11d 8
3 Jimmy Connors United States 29 July 1974 21y 11m 268
4 Björn Borg Sweden 23 August 1977 21y 2m 109
5 John McEnroe United States 3 March 1980 21y 15d 170
6 Ivan Lendl Czechoslovakia 28 February 1983 22y 11m 270
7 Mats Wilander Sweden 12 September 1988 24y 1m 20
8 Stefan Edberg Sweden 13 August 1990 24y 9m 72
9 Boris Becker Germany 28 January 1991 23y 2m 12
10 Jim Courier United States 10 February 1992 21y 5m 58
11 Pete Sampras United States 12 April 1993 21y 8m 286
12 Andre Agassi United States 10 April 1995 24y 11m 88
13 Thomas Muster Austria 12 February 1996 28y 4m 6
14 Marcelo Ríos Chile 30 March 1998 22y 3m 6
15 Carlos Moyà Spain 15 March 1999 22y 6m 2
16 Yevgeny Kafelnikov Russia 3 May 1999 25y 2m 6
17 Patrick Rafter Australia 26 July 1999 26y 8m 1
18 Marat Safin Russia 20 November 2000 20y 10m 9
19 Gustavo Kuerten Brazil 4 December 2000 24y 2m 43
20 Lleyton Hewitt Australia 19 November 2001 20y 9m 80
21 Juan Carlos Ferrero Spain 8 September 2003 23y 7m 7
22 Andy Roddick United States 3 November 2003 21y 2m 13
23 Roger Federer Switzerland 2 February 2004 22y 6m 74, until May 29 2005

List of year-end number one players since 1973

Year Player/Nationality Year Player/Nationality Year Player/Nationality
1973 Ilie Nastase (Romania) 1988 Mats Wilander (Sweden) 2003 Andy Roddick (USA)
1974 Jimmy Connors (USA) 1989 Ivan Lendl (Czechoslovakia) 2004 Roger Federer (Switzerland)
1975 Jimmy Connors (USA) 1990 Stefan Edberg (Sweden) 2005
1976 Jimmy Connors (USA) 1991 Stefan Edberg (Sweden) 2006
1977 Jimmy Connors (USA) 1992 Jim Courier (USA) 2007
1978 Jimmy Connors (USA) 1993 Pete Sampras (USA) 2008
1979 Björn Borg (Sweden) 1994 Pete Sampras (USA) 2009
1980 Björn Borg (Sweden) 1995 Pete Sampras (USA) 2010
1981 John McEnroe (USA) 1996 Pete Sampras (USA) 2011
1982 John McEnroe (USA) 1997 Pete Sampras (USA) 2012
1983 John McEnroe (USA) 1998 Pete Sampras (USA) 2013
1984 John McEnroe (USA) 1999 Andre Agassi (USA) 2014
1985 Ivan Lendl (Czechoslovakia) 2000 Gustavo Kuerten (Brazil) 2015
1986 Ivan Lendl (Czechoslovakia) 2001 Lleyton Hewitt (Australia) 2016
1987 Ivan Lendl (Czechoslovakia) 2002 Lleyton Hewitt (Australia) 2017

ATP Tour records

Titles

  • Singles:
    • Most titles won:
No. History # No. Active #
1 Jimmy Connors 105 1 Andre Agassi 59
2 Ivan Lendl 94 2 Roger Federer 29
3 John McEnroe 76 3 Lleyton Hewitt 24
4 Pete Sampras 64 4 Gustavo Kuerten 20
5 Guillermo Vilas 62 5 Thomas Enqvist 19
6 Andre Agassi 59 6T Carlos Moya 18
7 Björn Borg 57 6T Andy Roddick 18
8 Ilie Nastase 52 8 Alex Corretja 17
9 Boris Becker 49 9 Marat Safin 15
10 Rod Laver 47 10 Greg Rusedski 14
    • Players who won the "Grand Slam" (All four Grand Slam tournaments in one calendar year): Don Budge (1938), Rod Laver (1962, 1969)
    • Players who won the "Career Grand Slam": Andre Agassi, Don Budge, Roy Emerson, Rod Laver, Fred Perry.
    • Most Grand Slam titles won in a career: Pete Sampras (USA), 14.
    • Most Tennis Masters Cup titles won in a career: Pete Sampras (USA) & Ivan Lendl (Czechoslovakia/USA), 5.
    • Most Tennis Masters Series titles won in a career: Andre Agassi (USA), 17.
    • Most titles in a season:
    • Consecutive tournaments won on 3 different surfaces:
      • before 1990: Björn Borg (Sweden) in 1979.
      • since 1990: Roger Federer (Switzerland) in 2004. [Wimbeldon (grass), Gstaad (clay) and Toronto Masters (hard)]
  • Doubles:
    • Most titles overall: Todd Woodbridge (Australia), 82.
    • Most titles as a team: Todd Woodbridge and Mark Woodforde (Australia), 61. See also The Woodies.
    • Most Grand Slam titles overall: Todd Woodbridge (Australia), 16.
    • Most Grand Slam titles as a team: Todd Woodbridge and Mark Woodforde (Australia), 11.

Ranking

  • Most Weeks at No.1: Pete Sampras (USA), 286.
  • Most consecutive weeks at No.1: Jimmy Connors (USA), 260 (July 29, 1974-August 22, 1977).
  • Years-Ended at No.1: Pete Sampras (USA), 6.
  • Youngest No.1-player: Lleyton Hewitt (Australia), 20y 9m.
  • Youngest player to end a year in the top-200: Richard Gasquet (France) in 2002; 16 years old.
  • Youngest player to end a year in the top-100: Richard Gasquet (France) in 2003; 17 years old.
  • Youngest player to end a year in the top-20: Andy Roddick (USA) in 2001.
  • Highest number of year-end ranking points: Roger Federer (Switzerland) in 2004, 6335. [Federer also owns the record for the highest ranking points at any time of the year for performances based on the past 52 weeks: 6980 points in the rankings published by ATP on June 6, 2005]
  • Highest number of Race points (since 2000): Roger Federer (Switzerland) in 2004, 1267.

Longest Winning Streaks (Open Era)

  • Overall:
# Before 1990 Matches (year)
1 Björn Borg 49 (1978)
2 Guillermo Vilas 46 (1977)
3 Ivan Lendl 44 (1981-82)
4 Björn Borg 40 (1979-80)
5 John McEnroe 39 (1984)
# Since 1990 Matches (year)
1 Thomas Muster 35 (1995)
2 Pete Sampras 29 (1994)
3 Andre Agassi 26 (1995)
Roger Federer 26 (2004-05)
4 Jim Courier 25 (1992)
Roger Federer 25 (2005)
Player Matches Year(s) Lost to Tournament
Grass:
Before 1990 Björn Borg 41 1976-1980 John McEnroe 1981 Wimbledon F
Since 1990 Roger Federer 31 2003-2005 Running
Clay:
Before 1990 Björn Borg 44 1977-1979 Eliot Teltscher 1979 Hamburg 3rd round
Since 1990 Thomas Muster 40 1995 Alex Corretja Gstaad 1st round
Indoors:
Since 1968 Ivan Lendl 66 1981-1983 John McEnroe 1983 Philadelphia F
Against Top-10 players:
Since 1968 Roger Federer 26 2003-2005 Marat Safin 2005 Australian Open SF
Most finals won in succession:
Since 1968 Roger Federer 20 2003-2005 Running

Miscellaneous

  • Career Matches Won:
# Player Matches
1 Jimmy Connors 1222
2 Ivan Lendl 1070
3 Guillermo Vilas 920
4 John McEnroe 867
5 Andre Agassi 844
  • Win-Loss leaders:
    • before 1990: Ivan Lendl (Czechoslovakia/USA) in 1982, 106-9 (.922).
    • since 1990: Thomas Muster (Austria) in 1995, 86-18 (.827).
  • Winning percentage leaders:
    • before 1990: John McEnroe (USA) in 1984, .965 (W-L: 83-2).
    • since 1990: Roger Federer (Switzerland) in 2004, .925 (W-L: 74-6).
  • Best start to a season:
    • before 1990: John McEnroe (USA) in 1984, W-L: 39-0
    • since 1990: Roger Federer (Switzerland) in 2005, W-L: 32-1.
  • Most Aces hit in a match (since 1991):
# Aces Player W/L Opponent Rnd Year Event Sets
1 51 Joachim Johansson L Andre Agassi 4th 2005 Australian Open 4
51 Ivo Karlovic L Daniele Bracciali 1st 2005 Wimbledon 5
3 50 Chris Guccione W Olivier Patience q1 2005 Wimbledon 3
4 49 Richard Krajicek L Yevgeny Kafelnikov QF 1999 US Open 5
5 47 Gustavo Kuerten L Daniel Nestor QF 2003 Davis Cup 5
6 46 Goran Ivanisevic L Magnus Norman 2nd 1997 Wimbledon 5
46 Mark Philippoussis W Andre Agassi 4th 2003 Wimbledon 5
8 44 Mark Philippoussis W Byron Black 4th 1995 Kuala Lumpur 3
  • Most Prize Money won:
    • Career: Pete Sampras (USA), $43,280,489.
    • At the end of the season: Pete Sampras (USA) in 1997, $6,498,311.
  • Most times elected ATP Player of The Year: Pete Sampras (USA) between 1993-1998, 6.
  • Longest singles match: Fabrice Santoro defeated Arnaud Clément (France) at Roland Garros 2004, in a 6h 37m first round match.
  • Fastest individual serve recorded (since 1991): Andy Roddick (USA) in 2004, 155 Mh/249 Km.

Other trivia

  • Average age of the Top 200 players: 25 years
  • Average height of the Top 200 players: 6ft 1in
  • Average weight of the Top 200 players: 173 lbs
  • 341 players have made $1 million dollars or more since 1973.
  • More than 1,800 players have computer ranking points in singles.

Internal links

External links

es:Asociación de Tenistas Profesionales fr:ATP Tour nl:Association of Tennis Professionals

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