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Aspiration (phonetics)

From Academic Kids

In phonetics, aspiration is the strong burst of air that accompanies the release of some stop consonants. To hear and feel the difference between the aspirated and the unaspirated sound, put your hand in front of your mouth and say top and then stop. The t in top is aspirated; in stop, it is unaspirated.

English voiceless stops are aspirated when they begin a stressed syllable (as in pen, ten, Ken), but this aspiration is not distinctive (they also have unaspirated variants in other positions, e.g. after /s/, as in spun, stun). In many languages, such as Cantonese, Hindi/Urdu, Icelandic, Korean, Mandarin, Thai and Ancient Greek, and are different phonemes altogether.

Alemannic German dialects have unaspirated fortis as well as aspirated fortis ; the latter series is usually viewed as clusters. Icelandic has pre-aspirated ; some scholars interpret these as clusters. are normally also voiceless in Danish and most Southern varieties of German. Traditionally, they are still transcribed as <b d g>, even though what distinguishes them from their "fortis" counterparts <p t k> is mainly their lack of aspiration.

See also:

id:Aspirasi ja:有気音 ko:격음 nl:Spiritus (taalkunde)

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