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Antigua and Barbuda

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Antigua and Barbuda
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda Image:Antigua_and_barbuda_coa.png
(In Detail) (Full size)
National motto: Each Endeavouring, All Achieving
Missing image
LocationAntiguaAndBarbuda.png
Location of Antigua and Barbuda

Official language English
Capital
 - Population:
Saint John's
24,226 (2000)
Head of State Elizabeth II, Queen
represented by

Sir James Carlisle, Governor General
Head of Government Baldwin Spencer, Prime Minister
Area
 - Total:
 - % water:
Ranked 180th
442 km²
Negligible
Population
 - Total:
 - Density
Ranked 185th
67,448 (2002)
152/km²
Independence
From the UK
November 1, 1981
National Day 1 November (Independence Day)
Religions Anglican 44%;
Moravian;
Roman Catholic
Currency East Caribbean dollar (EC$) = 100 cents
Time Zone UTC -4
National Anthem Fair Antigua, We Salute Thee
Internet TLD .ag
Calling Code 1-268

Antigua and Barbuda is an island nation located in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean.  Antigua and Barbuda are part of the Lesser Antilles archipelago with the island of Guadeloupe to the south, Montserrat to the southwest, Saint Kitts and Nevis to the west and Saint Barthlemy to the northwest.

Contents

History

Main article: History of Antigua and Barbuda

Pre-ceramic Amerindians were the first to inhabit the islands of Antigua and Barbuda in 2400 BC. Later Arawak and Carib Amerindian tribes populated the islands. The island of Antigua was originally named Wadadli by the natives. Christopher Columbus landed on his second voyage in 1493 and gave the island the name Antigua. Early settlements by the Spanish and French were succeeded by the English who formed a colony in 1667 by transporting Irish Catholic slaves to Antigua. Slavery, established to run the sugar plantations on Antigua, was abolished in 1834. The islands became an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations in 1981, and Vere Bird became the first prime minister.

Politics

Main article: Politics of Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda is a Commonwealth Realm and the head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, who is represented in Antigua and Barbuda by a governor general. Executive power is in the hands of the prime minister, who is also the head of government. The prime minister is usually the leader of the winning party of the elections for the House of Representatives (17 members), held every five years. The other chamber of the parliament, the Senate, has 17 members which are appointed by the governor general. Its current prime minister is Baldwin Spencer (24 March 2004-).

Administrative Divisions

Main article: Parishes and dependencies of Antigua and Barbuda

The island of Antigua is divided into six parishes:-

Missing image
Antigua_parishes_numbered.png
The Parishes of Antigua

The island of Barbuda and the uninhabited island of Redonda each enjoy dependency status.

Geography

Missing image
Antigua_and_Barbuda_map.png
Main article: Geography of Antigua and Barbuda

The country consists of a number of islands, of which Antigua is the largest one, and the most populated. Barbuda, just north of Antigua is the other main island. The islands have a warm, tropical climate, with fairly constant temperatures year round. The un-inhabited island of Redonda also belongs to the nation of Antigua and Barbuda.

The islands are mostly low-lying, with the highest point being Boggy Peak, at 402m. The small country's main town is the capital Saint John's on Antigua; Barbuda's largest town is Codrington.

Economy

Main article: Economy of Antigua and Barbuda

Tourism dominates its economy, accounting for more than half of its GDP. Weak tourist arrival numbers since early 2000 have slowed the economy, however, and pressed the government into a tight fiscal corner. The dual-island nation's agricultural production is focused on the domestic market and constrained by a limited water supply and a labour shortage stemming from the lure of higher wages in tourism and construction work.

Manufacturing comprises enclave-type assembly for export with major products being bedding, handicrafts, and electronic components. Prospects for economic growth in the medium term will continue to depend on income growth in the industrialised world, especially in the United States, which accounts for about one-third of all tourist arrivals.

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Antigua and Barbuda

Most of the population are descendants of the slaves that used to work in the sugar plantations, but there are also groups of Europeans, notably Irish, British and Portuguese. While the official language is English, most of the locals speak patois, a form of broken english.

Almost all Antiguans are Christians, with the Anglican Church (about 50%) being the largest denomination.

Foreign relations

Main article: Foreign relations of Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda is a member of the Caribbean Community, United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, Organization of American States, Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States, and the Eastern Caribbean's Regional Security System.

Miscellaneous topics

See also

References

External links


Countries in West Indies

Antigua and Barbuda | Bahamas | Barbados | Cuba | Dominica | Dominican Republic | Grenada | Haiti | Jamaica | Saint Kitts and Nevis | Saint Lucia | Saint Vincent and the Grenadines | Trinidad and Tobago

Dependencies: Anguilla | Aruba | British Virgin Islands | Cayman Islands | Guadeloupe | Martinique | Montserrat | Navassa Island | Netherlands Antilles | Puerto Rico | Turks and Caicos Islands | U.S. Virgin Islands


 
Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
Missing image
Caricom-Flag.png
Flag of the Caribbean Community

Antigua and Barbuda | Bahamas¹ | Barbados | Belize | Dominica | Grenada | Guyana | Haiti | Jamaica | Montserrat | Saint Kitts and Nevis | Saint Lucia | Saint Vincent and the Grenadines | Suriname | Trinidad and Tobago
Associate members: Anguilla | Bermuda | Cayman Islands | British Virgin Islands | Turks and Caicos Islands
Observer status: Aruba | Colombia | Dominican Republic | Mexico | Netherlands Antilles | Puerto Rico | Venezuela
¹ member of the community but not the Caribbean (CARICOM) Single Market and Economy.
edit  (http://google.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php?title=Template:Caricom&action=edit)
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