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Ameland

From Academic Kids

Template:Infobox Dutch municipality 2 Ameland (Frisian: It Amelān) is a municipality and one of the West Frisian Islands off the north coast of the Netherlands. It consists mostly of sand dunes.

Contents

Population centres

  • Ballum
  • Buren (Bueren)
  • Hollum
  • Nes

(Frisian names)

(Ameland is not itself the name of a village).

History

First mentioned as Ambla in the 8th century, it paid tribute to the county of Holland until in 1424 its lord declared it a 'free lordship' (vrijheerschap).

Although Holland, Friesland and the Holy Roman Emperor contested this quasi-independent status, it remained a free lordship until the ruling family, Cammingha, died out in 1708. After that, the Frisian stadtholder Johan Willem Friso of Orange-Nassau became lord of Ameland and after him, his son the stadtholder of all the Netherlands William IV of Orange and his grandson William V of Orange.

Only in the constitution of 1813 the island was finally integrated into the Netherlands (into the province of Friesland). The kings and queens of the Netherlands still maintain the title Vrijheer van Ameland today.

Hollum

Hollum is one of the oldest villages on the island of Ameland. Prominent in town is a Reformed church with foundations from the 12th century and a lighthouse, which is 59 m high, dating from 1880.

External link

Template:Province Frieslandca:Amelān de:Ameland fy:It Amelān gl:Ameland id:Ameland nl:Ameland

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