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Alveolo-palatal consonant

From Academic Kids

Places of articulation
Labial
Bilabial
Labiodental
Linguolabial
Labial-velar
Coronal
Interdental
Dental
Retroflex
Alveolar
Postalveolar
Alveolo-palatal
Dorsal
Palatal
Labial-palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epiglottal
Glottal
Apical
Laminal
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In phonetics, alveolo-palatal consonants are a subtype of postalveolar fricative articulated with the blade of the tongue between the alveolar ridge and the palate. They are similar to palato-alveolar and retroflex fricatives, but are laminal rather than apical or sub-apical as the retroflex fricatives are, or pronounced with the tongue bunched up ("domed") as the palato-alveolar fricatives are. Alveolo-palatal consonants can be found in Chinese languages such as Mandarin, Hakka, and Wu, as well as Abkhaz, Polish, Ubykh, Japanese, Korean, and Kinnauri. The alveolo-palatal consonants in the International Phonetic Alphabet are:

IPA Description Example
Language Orthography IPA Meaning
Image:Xsampa-sslash.png Voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative Mandarin 小 (xiǎo) ['] small
Image:Xsampa-zslash.png Voiced alveolo-palatal fricative Hungarian zseb ['] pocket

Note: The table displays only fricatives. Affricates () are also common. In sinological circles symbols for alveolo-palatal stops (), nasals (), and liquids () are used, but they represent simple palatal or palatalized consonants, and thus are not recognized by the IPA.

See also

fr:Consonne alvolo-palatale ja:歯茎硬口蓋音 ko:치조구개음 zh:齿颚音

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