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Albert of Sweden

From Academic Kids

Albert of Sweden (or Albrecht von Mecklenburg in German or Albert av Mecklenburg in Swedish) was born in 1338 and became king of Sweden in 1363. In 1384 he inherited the ducal title of Mecklenburg and united the two countries in a personal union.

He was the second son of Duke Albert II of Mecklenburg and Eufemia Eriksdotter, the daughter of duke Erik Magnusson of Sudermannia and the sister of king Magnus Eriksson of Sweden. He married Richardis, daughter to count Otto of Schwerin; she died in 1377 and is today buried in Stockholm.

Albert based his claims on two family ties with the Sverker dynasty of Sweden, both through Albert's mother, through whom he was granted the first spot in the Swedish succession order, and through Kristina Sverkersdotter, a daughter of Sverker II Karlsson of Sweden, also known as Sverker the Young. Sverker II had been the king of Sweden between 1196 and 1208.

It was in 1363 when the members of the Swedish regency council led by Bo Jonsson Grip arrived in the court of Mecklenburg. They had been banished from the country after first launching a revolt against the unpopulair king Magnus Eriksson in order to replace him with someone more suitable. At the nobles' request Albrekt launched and invasion of Sweden supported by several German dukes and counts. Stockholm and Kalmar with their high percentage of German population gladly invited the German duke's son and on February 4th, 1363 he could already proclaim himself King of Sweden. The coronation took place illegally at Mora Sten.

This was the beginning of an eight year civil war. Magnus and his son king Håkan of Norway were defeated by the Germans near Enköping and the former was taken as prisoner by Albrekt in 1365. Now Denmark decided to intervene on Håkan's side, and to counter this several Hanseatic cities and dukes in Northern Germany expressed support of the new king. The Germans also gained another dangerous enemy this year, the Swedish peasants who weren't content with Albrekt's policy in appointing Germans as officials in all Swedish provinces. The peasants suffered tremendously under the oppression of those Germans so they revolted in support of the old king. With the help of his allies Håkan managed to beat back Albrekt and lay siege to Stockholm in 1371.

The Swedish landlords now decided to help Albrekt militarily and after forcing the king to promise to give almost all power in the country over to the regency council they beat back the Norwegians and the Danes. Now finally a peace was signed, on the condition that Magnus was released and free to travel back to Norway where he spent the rest of his life. Albrekt kept the crown of Sweden, but most of western Sweden was still unhappy with the king and de facto independent

See also


Template:Sweden-bio-stub


Preceded by:
Magnus II
King of Sweden
Succeeded by:
Margaret I

Template:End boxde:Albrecht von Mecklenburg pl:Albrecht Meklemburski fi:Albrekt Mecklenburgilainen sv:Albrekt av Mecklenburg

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