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Akureyri

From Academic Kids

Akureyri, Iceland
Missing image
Seal_of_Akureyri.png
Image:Seal_of_Akureyri.png

Town seal
City nickname:
"H÷fu­borg Nor­ursins"
(Capital of the North)
Missing image
Akureyri.png



Location in Iceland
CountyEyjafjar­arsřsla
ConstituencyNortheast
Area 125 km² ( 48.26mi²)
Population
Total (2003)
Density

16,086
128.7/km▓
Postal codes600-603

Latitude
Longitude

Template:Coor dm

Municipal website (http://www.akureyri.is/)

Akureyri is a town located the northern part of Iceland; it is the second largest urban center after the ReykjavÝk area. As of the 2003 census, the town had a total population of 16,086 [1] (http://hagstofa.is/template_lb_frameset.asp?PageID=311&intPXCatID=62&ifrmsrc=/temp/mannfjoldi/byggdakjarnar.asp).

Contents

History

The Norse Viking settler Helgi Magri Eyvindarson originally settled the area in the 9th century AD. The first mention of Akureyri dates back to 1562 when a woman was sentenced there for adultery. In the 17th century Danish merchants based their camps on the actual Akureyri which was one of the numerous spits of land in Pollurinn. The reasons for choosing this exact spot for the trading operations were mainly the outstanding natural harbor and the fact that Akureyri is located by a very productive agriculture area. The Danish merchants did not live at Akureyri the whole year though, in winters the houses were locked up and the merchants went home. Permanent settlement at Akureyri started in 1778 and the town was granted its municipal charter by the king of Denmark (and at the time Iceland also) eight years later in 1786 along with five other towns around Iceland. The king hoped to improve the living conditions of Icelanders by this action because at the time, urban centers were virtually non-existent in Iceland and had never existed. As far as Akureyri is concerned the king was unsuccessful, Akureyri did not grow from its population of 12. In 1836 Akureyri lost its municipal status but gained it back in 1862. From that point, Akureyri started to grow because of the excellent port conditions and perhaps more because of the productive agricultural region around it. Industries processing agricultural products became the backbone of the city and spurred its further growth. The 20th century in Iceland became the scene of a mass exodus from the countryside to the cities and Akureyri had its share in that. Commerce and service industries grew to be the primary employers in Akureyri as the manufacturing industries started to decline in the 1990s.

In the last ten years, fishing industries have become more important in Akureyri as two of the major fishing companies of Iceland have established their headquarters there, Samherji and ┌A. Tourism has become a more important source of revenue and is expected to grow further in coming years. The University of Akureyri was founded in 1987 and is growing rapidly.

Law and government

Akureyri is governed by the town council, directly elected by anyone over 18 and registered with domicile in the town. The council has 11 members that are elected for 4 year terms. The mayor is appointed by the council, usually one of the council members is chosen but they may also hire a mayor that is not member of the council.

Current Town Council party division

Last elections to the town council were held May 25, 2002. The results were as follows.

  • 35,6%
  • 24,1%
  • 17,8%
  • 13,9%
  • 8,7%
  • 4 seats
  • 3 seats
  • 2 seats
  • 1 seat
  • 1 seat

The Progressive Party and the Independence Party formed a coalition to run the town until the elections of 2006.

Mayor or City Executive

The current mayor is Kristjßn ١r J˙lÝusson, member of the Independence Party

Timeline of mayors

Geography

Akureyri is located at Template:Coor dm. Positioned at the bottom-west side of the fjord Eyjafj÷r­ur. It is surrounded by mountains, the highest being S˙lur 1213 meters (3980 feet) and HlÝ­arfjall 1116 meters (3661 feet). The coast in the area is a narrow strip of flat land before a steep but low hill. In earlier times a few spits of land (Icelandic: eyri, thus Akur-eyri) jutted from the narrow coast but a lot of land has since been claimed from the sea so that today the coastline is more even except for the largest spit of land (eyri), Oddeyri, which was formed by the river Glerß that runs through the town. The body of sea between Oddeyri and the fjord's bottom is known as Pollurinn and is known for calm winds and a good natural harbor. The center of Akureyri today is at Rß­h˙storg square near the northwest corner of Pollurinn. The neighborhoods of Akureyri are: InnbŠr, the oldest part of town on the land strip between the hill and Pollurinn south of the center area; Brekkan, on top of the hill; Oddeyri on the peninsula with the same name and Glerßrhverfi on the north bank of Glerß river. Because of the town's position at the bottom of a long fjord surrounded by high mountains, the climate is actually more inland than coastal meaning greater variants in temperature (warmer summers, colder winters) than in many other parts of Iceland. The surrounding mountains also shield the town from blowing winds.

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Akureyri_sÚ­_frß_Va­lahei­i.jpeg
Akureyri

Economy

Major industries/products

Transportation

Akureyri is a transport hub for the region, it is well connected by land, sea and air.

Route 1 (the Ring Road) runs through Akureyri and connects it with other parts of the country.

The town has an airport that is mostly used for domestic flights but occasionally international flights use the airport as well.

The port of Akureyri is a vital structure for the town which largely bases its livelihood on fisheries, it is the site of a few large fish processing plants and trawlers come there to unload. The port is also very important for tourism as many cruise ships stop in Akureyri during summers. The port is important as well for freight transporting.

Sites of interest

Colleges and universities

Sports teams

  • K.A.
  • S.A.
  • ١r

External links

Template:Commons


Selected Municipalities of Iceland Missing image
Flag_of_Iceland.png
Flag of Iceland

ReykjavÝk | Kˇpavogur | Hafnarfj÷r­ur | Akureyri | ReykjanesbŠr | Gar­abŠr | MosfellsbŠr | ┴rborg | Akranes | Seltjarnarnes | Vestmannaeyjar | Skagafj÷r­ur | ═safj÷r­ur | Fjar­abygg­ | Borgarbygg­ | H˙savÝk | GrindavÝk | Hornafj÷r­ur | FljˇtsdalshÚra­ | DalvÝkurbygg­ |

de:Akureyri

es:Akureyri fr:Akureyri gl:Akureyri is:Akureyri it:Akureyri nl:Akureyri pl:Akureyri

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