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Abwehr

From Academic Kids

The Abwehr was the common name for the German military foreign information and counterintelligence department, during both World War I and World War II. "Abwehr" is a German word, which is commonly translated to the English "defence".

The head of the Abwehr during World War II was Admiral Wilhelm Canaris. Under his lead, the Abwehr became a center of conspiracy against the Nazi regime. Helped by Canaris' protection, one of his subordinates, Hans Oster, helped to organise internal opposition to the Nazis. In April of 1943, many of Oster's co-conspirators were arrested and the Abwehr was put under constant surveillance. Canaris was dismissed in February of 1944. Confessing Church pastor Dietrich Bonhoeffer was a prominent member of this anti-Nazi group.

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Abwehr has an eminent place within the psychoanalytical theory of Sigmund Freud. Here it describes the sum of all those mechanisms, which allow the I to be protected against aversion/reluctance and fear (i.e. the German Angst).de:Abwehr (Nachrichtendienst) fr:Abwehr he:אבווהר nl:Abwehr no:Abwehr pl:Abwehra ru:Абвер sr:Абвер fi:Abwehr

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