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Abigail Adams

From Academic Kids

Abigail Smith Adams (November 11, 1744October 28, 1818) was the wife of John Adams, the second President of the United States, and is seen as the second First Lady of the United States, though that term was not coined until after her death.

Born in Weymouth, Massachusetts, Abigail lacked formal education. On her mother's side she was descended from the Quincys, a family of great prestige in the Massachusetts colony; her father and other forebearers were Congregational ministers, leaders in a society that held its clergy in high esteem.

Abigail Adams
Abigail Smith Adams

Date of Birth: November 11, 1744
Place of Birth: Weymouth, Massachusetts
Date of Death: October 28, 1818
Place of Death: Quincy, Massachusetts
Occupation: First Lady of the United States
Remarks:

Wife of John Adams and
mother of John Quincy Adams

Abigail Smith married John Adams in 1764. The young couple lived on John's small farm at Braintree (later renamed Quincy) or in Boston as his practice expanded. In ten years she bore six children: Abigail Amelia (1765-1813), future President John Quincy Adams (1767-1848), Susanna Boylston (1768-70), Charles (1770-1800), Thomas Boylston (1772-1832), and an unnamed daughter (stillborn 1775). Abigail Adams is remembered today for the many letters she wrote to her husband while he served his country in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, during the Continental Congresses and the Constitutional Convention. She is perhaps best known for her request that he and the Continental Congress "remember the ladies" -- that they consider the needs and rights of women as well as of men in forming the new country.

In 1784, she joined John Adams at his diplomatic post in Paris. After 1785, she filled the role of wife of the first United States Minister to the Kingdom of Great Britain. They returned in 1788.

As wife of the first Vice President of the United States, Abigail became a good friend to Martha Washington helped in official entertaining, drawing on her experience of courts and society abroad. After 1791, poor health forced her to spend as much time as possible in Quincy.

When John Adams was elected President of the United States, she continued a formal pattern of entertaining, becoming the first hostess of the yet uncompleted White House.

The Adamses retired to Quincy in 1801. Abigail died in 1818, and is buried beside her husband in United First Parish Church (http://www.ufpc.org) (also known as the Church of the Presidents) .

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