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Abdus Salam

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Professor Abdus Salam, of Imperial College of Science and Technology, shared the 1979 Nobel Prize for Physics with Americans Sheldon L. Glashow and Steven Weinberg.

Prof. Dr. Abdus Salam (January 29, 1926November 21, 1996) received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1979 for his work in electroweak theory, which is the mathematical and conceptual synthesis of the electromagnetic and weak interactions—the latest stage reached until now on the path towards the unification of the fundamental forces of nature. Salam, Sheldon Glashow, and Steven Weinberg arrived at the theory independently and shared the prize. The validity of the theory was ascertained in the following years through experiments carried out at the Super Proton Synchrotron facility at CERN in Geneva, particularly the discovery of the W and Z bosons.

Director of the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Trieste, Italy, from 1964 to December 1993, Salam died in Oxford in 1996, after a long illness. He was buried in Pakistan where he was born.

Although he belonged to the Ahmadiyya Muslim sect—considered heretical by many Muslims—Pakistanis are proud of their country's Nobel Laureate, some religious zealots not withstanding.

In the early 1970s, Abdus Salam played a role in starting Pakistan's Atomic Energy Commission.

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