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From Academic Kids

.gov is the generic top-level domain used by the United States federal government. It was one of the original top-level domains, established in January 1985.

The U.S. is the only country that has a government-specific top-level domain in addition to its ccTLD. Other countries typically use a second-level domain for this purpose, e.g., .gov.uk for the United Kingdom, .gc.ca for Canada, .go.jp for Japan, .govt.nz for New Zealand and .gov.it for Italy. Since the United States controls the .gov Top Level Domain, it would be impossible for another country to create a domain ending in .gov, for example .jp.gov.

Many U.S. federal agencies still use .fed.us rather than .gov. The Department of Defense and its subsidiary organizations use .mil.

All governments in the U.S. are allowed to use .gov, such as atlantaga.gov (http://www.atlantaga.gov) for the city of Atlanta, and georgia.gov (http://www.georgia.gov) for the U.S. state of Georgia.

The usage of .gov as a gTLD controlled only by the U.S. is controversial, as some people believe this to be an example of arrogance by the U.S. - such views hold that usage of .fed.us or a new second level domain of .gov.us would be more suitable.

External link

  • IANA .gov whois information (http://www.iana.org/root-whois/gov.htm)
  • RFC 920 defined .com and the other original top-level domains.
  • RFC 2146 (U.S. Government Internet Domain Names) (http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc2146.html)
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